Gender

Adachi, Mami. “Creating the Female Self: Margaret Cavendish’s Authorial Voice and Fictional Selves.” In Hot Questrists After the English Renaissance: Essays on Shakespeare and His Contemporaries, edited by Yasunari Takahashi, 69–88. New York: AMS Press, 2000.

Ahearn, Kathleen A. “‘I’m Not a Feminist but …’: Liberatory Approaches to Teaching Margaret Cavendish’s The Blazing World.” Women’s Writing 14, no. 2 (2007): 215–31.

Al-Otaibi, Methal. “Echoes of the Digital: English Women and Writing in the Face of Emergent Inscription Technologies during the Renaissance and Now.” PhD diss, University of California, Riverside, 2008.

Anderson, Misty G. “Tactile Places: Materializing Desire in Margaret Cavendish and Jane Barker.” Textual Practice 13, no 2 (1999): 329–52.

Andrea, Bernadette. “Coming Out in Margaret Cavendish’s Closet Dramas.” In-between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 9, no. 1–2 (2000): 219–41.

Anscomb, Lisa. “Feminine Analogues of Reason: Gendered Figuration in the Writing of Margaret Cavendish, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and Sarah Scott.” PhD diss., University of Oxford, 2003.

—. “‘A Close, Naked, Natural Way of Speaking’: Gendered Metaphor in the Texts of Margaret Cavendish and the Royal Society.” In-between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 9, no. 1–2 (2000): 161–77.

Apostalova, Iva. “Princess Elizabeth of Bohemia and Margaret Cavendish: The Feminine Touch in Seventeenth-Century Epistemology.” Maritain Studies 26 (2010): 83–97.

Atherton, Margaret, ed. Women Philosophers of the Early Modern Period. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, 1994.

Atkinson, Anna Louise. “Fruitful in the Land of My Affliction: Narratives of Captivity and Female Self-Fashioning, 1666–1824.” PhD diss., Queen’s University, 2010.

Backscheider, Paula R. An Annotated Bibliography of Twentieth-Century Critical Studies of Women and Literature, 1660–1800. New York: Garland Publishing, 1977.

Ballaster, Ros. “Restoring the Renaissance: Margaret Cavendish and Katherine Phillips.” In Renaissance Configurations: Voices/Bodies/Spaces, 1580–1690, edited by Gordon McMullan, 234–52. New York: St Martin’s Press, 1998.

Ballard, George. Memoirs of British Ladies: Who Have Been Celebrated for Their Writing or Skill in the Learned Languages, Arts, and Sciences. London: T. Evans, 1775.

Bazeley, Deborah Taylor. “An Early Challenge to the Precepts and Practice of Modern Science: The Fusion of Fact, Fiction, and Feminism in the Works of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle (1623–1673).” PhD diss., University of California, San Diego, 1990.

Bennett, Alexandra G. “‘Yes, and’: Margaret Cavendish, the Passions and Hermaphrodite Agency.” Early Modern Englishwomen Testing Ideas, edited by Jo Wallwork and Paul Salzman, 75–88. Burlington: Ashgate, 2011.

—. “Happy Families and Learned Ladies: Margaret Cavendish, William Cavendish, and their onstage academy debate.” Early Modern Literary Studies Special issue 14 (2004): 3.1–14.

Bethune, George W. The British Female Poets with Biographical and Critical Notes. Philadelphia: Lindsay and Blakiston, 1856.

Billing, Valerie Christine. “‘Treble marriage’: Margaret Cavendish, William Newcastle, and Collaborative Authorship.” Master’s thesis, University of California, Davis, 2010.

Blaydes, Sophia B. “Nature Is a Woman: The Duchess of Newcastle and Seventeenth-Century Philosophy.” In Man, God, and Nature in the Enlightenment, edited by Donald C. Mell, Jr. et al., 51–64. East Lansing: Colleagues Press, 1988.

Bonin, Erin Lang. “Margaret Cavendish’s Dramatic Utopias and the Politics of Gender.” Studies in English Literature, 1500–1900 40, no. 2 (2000): 339–54.

—. “Worlds of Their Own: Seventeenth-Century British Women Writers Envision Utopia.” PhD diss., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1998.

Boulard-Jouslin, Claire. “Politique et Imagination Féminine dans Natures Pictures de Margaret Cavendish (1656).” Etudes Epistémè 9 (2006): 429–49.

Bowerbank, Sylvia. “The Spider’s Delight: Margaret Cavendish and the ‘Female’ Imagination.” English Literary Renaissance 14, no. 3 (1984): 392–408.

—. Speaking for Nature: Women and Ecologies in Early Modern England. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.

Bowles, Emily. “Faults of a Female Pen? Reading the Traces of Embodiment, Authority, and Misogyny in Margaret Cavendish’s Handwritten Words.” Eighteenth-Century Women: Studies in their Lives, Work, and Culture 6 (2011): 1–19.

Brewer, Lisa K. “Encroaching upon the Male Perogative: Margaret Cavendish and the Construction of a Female Author.” Kentucky Philological Review 15 (2001): 15–21.

—. “Paradise Negotiated: Early Modern Women Writing Utopia.” PhD diss., West Virginia University, 2005.

Broad, Jacqueline, and Karen Green. A History of Women’s Political Thought in Europe, 1400–1700. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

—. Women Philosophers of the Seventeenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Brown, Sylvia. “Margaret Cavendish: Strategies Rhetorical and Philosophical Against the Charge of Wantonness, Or Her Excuses for Writing so Much.” Critical Matrix 6 (1991): 20–45.

Chalmers, Hero, Julie Sanders, and Sophie Tomlinson. Three Seventeenth-Century Plays on Women and Performance. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2006.

Corporaal, Marguérite. “An Empowering Wit and an ‘Unnatural’ Tragedy: Margaret Cavendish’s Representation of the Tragic Female Voice.” Early Modern Literary Studies Special Issue 14 (2004): 12.1–26

Crooks, Katherine. “The Complete Love Letters of Margaret Cavendish.” Master’s thesis, Creighton University, 2003.

Cuder Domínguez, Pilar. “Re-Crafting the Heroic, Constructing a Female Hero: Margaret Cavendish and Aphra Behn.” SEDERI: Yearbook of the Spanish and Portuguese Society for English Renaissance Studies 17 (2007): 28–46.

—. Stuart Women Playwrights, 1613–1713. Burlington: Ashgate, 2011.

D’Addario, Christopher. “From the Stillroom to the Royal Society: Early Modern Women in Science.” Huntington Library Quarterly 74, no. 4 (2011): 611–16.

D’Monté, Rebecca. “‘Making a Spectacle’: Margaret Cavendish and the Staging of the Self.” In A Princely Brave Woman: Essays on Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, edited by Stephen Clucas, 109–26. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.

—. “Mirroring Female Power: Separatist Spaces in the Plays of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle.” In Female Communities, 1600–1800: Literary Visions and Cultural Realities, edited by Rebecca D’Monté and Nicole Pohl, 93–110. London: Macmillan Press Limited, 2000.

—. “Re-presenting the Female Body in Seventeenth-Century Drama: The Plays of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, and Aphra Behn.” PhD diss., University of London, 2000.

Dash, Irene G. “Single-Sex Retreats in Two Early Modern Dramas: Love’s Labor’s Lost and The Convent of Pleasure.” Shakespeare Quarterly 47, no. 4 (1996): 387–95.

Davis, Natalie Zemon. “Gender and Genre: Women as Historical Writers, 1400–1820.” In Beyond Their Sex: Learned Women of the European Past, edited by Patricia H. Labalme, 153–82. New York: New York University Press, 1980.

Dear, Peter. “A Philosophical Duchess: Understanding Margaret Cavendish and the Royal Society.” In Science, Literature, and Rhetoric in Early Modern England, edited by Juliet Cummins and David Burchell, 125–44. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

Demers, Patricia. Women’s Writing in English: Early Modern England. Buffalo: University of Toronto Press, 2005.

DeRosa, Robin. “‘What Have I On a Petticoat?’: The Convent of Pleasure and the Reality of Performance.” Postscript: A Journal of Graduate School Criticism and Theory 5, no. 2 (2000): 79–90.

Dewhurst, Madeline Anna Abney. “‘And Make Me Famous Too in Such a Wife’: How Margaret and William Cavendish Negotiated the Interregnum.” PhD diss., Queen Mary, University of London, 2009.

D’Monté, Rebecca Ann. “Re-presenting the female body in Seventeenth-Century drama: the plays of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, and Aphra Behn.” PhD diss., University of London, 2000.

Dodds, Lara. “Margaret Cavendish’s Domestic Experiment.” In Genre and Women’s Life Writing in Early Modern England, edited by Michelle M. Dowd and Julie A. Eckerle, 151–68. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

—. “Reading and Writing in Sociable Letters; Or, How Margaret Cavendish Read Her Plutarch.” English Literary Renaissance 41, no. 1 (2011): 189–218.

Donawerth, Jane. “Conversation and the Boundaries of Public Discourse in Rhetorical Theory by Renaissance Women.” Rhetorica 16, no. 2 (1998): 181–99.

Donovan, Josephine. “Women and the Rise of the Novel: A Feminist-Marxist Theory.” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture & Society 16, no. 3 (1991): 441–62.

Dowd, Michelle M., and Julie A. Eckerle, eds. Genre and Women’s Life Writing in Early Modern England. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

Eger, Elizabeth. “Paper Trails and Eloquent Objects: Bluestocking Friendship and Material Culture.” Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies 26, no 2 (2009): 109–38.

Ezell, Margaret J.M. “The Laughing Tortoise: Speculations on Manuscript Sources and Women’s Book History.” English Literary Renaissance 38, no 2 (2008): 331–55.

—. “‘To be Your Daughter in Your Pen’: The Social Functions of Literature in the Writings of Lady Elizabeth Brackley and Lady Jane Cavendish.” Huntington Library Quarterly 51, no. 4 (1988): 281–96.

Farmer, Amy Lynn. “The Rhetoric of Distance: Symbolic Capital and Women’s Textual Practices in Seventeenth Century England.” PhD diss., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2000.

Ferguson, Moira. “Margaret Lucas Cavendish: A ‘Wise, Wittie and Learned Lady.’” In Women Writers of the Seventeenth Century, edited by Katharina M. Wilson and Frank J. Warnke, 305–40. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1989.

—. “Women Writing Romance/Romance Righting Women in Seventeenth-Century England.” In Rôle et place de la femme dans la société européenne de l’antiquité à nos jours, edited by Jacqueline Bel, 143–58. Boulogne sur Mer: Centre d’Etudes et de Recherche sur les Civilisations et les Litteratures Europeennes, 2005.

Findlay, Alison, Gweno Williams, and Stephanie J. Hodgson-Wright. Women and Dramatic Production, 1570–1670. Harlow: Longman, 2000.

—. “‘I hate such an old-fashioned House’: Margaret Cavendish and the search for Home.”Early Modern Literary Studies Special Issue 14 (2004): 11.1–14.

—. “Playing the ‘Scene Self’: Jane Cavendish and Elizabeth Brackley’s The Concealed Fancies.” In Enacting Gender on the English Renaissance Stage, edited by Vivana Comensoli and Anne Russell, 154–76. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1999.

Findlen, Paula. “Ideas in the Mind: Gender and Knowledge in the Seventeenth Century.” Hypatia 17, no. 1 (2002): 183–96.

Findley, Sandra, and Elaine Hobby. “Seventeenth-Century Women’s Autobiography.” In 1642: Literature and Power in the Seventeenth Century, edited by Francis Barker et al., 198–209. Essex: University of Essex Press, 1981.

Fitzmaurice, James. “‘When an Old Ballad Is Plainly Sung’: Musical Lyrics in the Plays of Margaret and William Cavendish.” In Oral Traditions and Gender in Early Modern Literary Texts, edited by Mary Ellen Lamb and Karen Bamford, 153–67. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2008.

—. “Autobiography, Parody and the Sociable Letters of Margaret Cavendish.” In A Princely Brave Woman: Essays on Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, edited by Stephen Clucas, 69–83. Ashgate:Aldershot, 2003.

—. “Front Matter and the Physical Make-up of Natures Pictures.” Women’s Writing 4, no. 3 (1997): 353–67.

—. “Historical Linguistics, Literary Interpretation, and the Romances of Margaret Cavendish.” In Methods in Historical Pragmatics, edited by Susan Fitzmaurice and Irma Taavitsainen, 267–84. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2007.

—. “Margaret Cavendish in Antwerp: The Actual and the Imaginary.” In-between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 9, no. 1–2 (2000): 29–39.

—. “The Cavendishes, the Evelyns, and Teasing in Verse and Prose.” Quidditas: Journal of the Rocky Mountain Medieval and Renaissance Association 16–17 (1995–1996): 161–86.

—. “The Intellectual and Literary Courtship of Margaret Cavendish.” Early Modern Literary Studies 14 (2004): 7.1–16.

Fitzmaurice, Susan M. “‘But, Madam’: The Interlocutor in Margaret Cavendish’s Writing.” In-between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 9, no. 1–2 (2000): 17–27.

—. “Intersubjectivity and the Writing of the Epistolary Interlocutor.” In The Familiar Letter in Early Modern English, by Susan Fitzmaurice, 175–206. Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2002.

—. “Sociable Letters, Acts of Advice and Medical Counsel.” In The Familiar Letter in Early Modern English, by Susan Fitzmaurice, 87–128. Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2002.

—. “Tentativeness and Insistence in the Expression of Politeness in Margaret Cavendish’s Sociable Letters.” Language and Literature: Journal of the Poetics and Linguistics Association 9, no. 1 (2000): 7–24.

Fleming, Juliet. “Margaret Cavendish, Shakespeare Critic.” In A Feminist Companion to Shakespeare, edited by Dympna Callaghan, 21–41. Malden: Blackwell Publishers, 2000.

Fletcher, Angus. “The Irregular Aesthetic of The Blazing-World.” Studies in English Literature, 1500–1900 47, no. 1 (2007): 123–41.

Fowler, Ellayne. “A World of Her Own: The Utopian Visions of Margaret Cavendish.” Master’s thesis, Montclair State College, 1993.

—. “Margaret Cavendish and the Ideal Commonwealth.” Utopian Studies 7, no. 1 (1996): 38–48.

Gagen, Jean. “Honor and Fame in the Works of the Duchess of Newcastle.” Studies in Philology 56, no. 3 (1959): 519–38.

Gallagher, Catherine. “Embracing the Absolute: The Politics of the Female Subject in Seventeenth-Century England.” Genders 1 (1988): 24–39.

Gardiner, Judith Kegan. “‘Singularity of Self’: Cavendish’s True Relation, Narcissism, and the Gendering of Individualism.” Restoration: Studies in English Literary Culture, 1660–1700 21, no. 2 (1997): 52–65.

Geard, Jennifer Louise. “Sovereign Virtue, Singular Fame: Margaret Cavendish’s Self-Construction as Woman and Author, and the Roles She Sees for Women as Thinkers and Beautiful Tyrants in Natures Pictures Drawn by Fancies Pencil to the Life.” Master’s thesis, University of Canterbury, 1992.

Gillespie, Katharine. Domesticity and Dissent in the Seventeenth Century: English Women Writers and the Public Sphere. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Goldberg, Jonathan. The Seeds of Things: Theorizing Sexuality and Materiality in Renaissance Representations. New York: Fordham University Press, 2009.

Goreau, Angeline. “Hers: Mad Mage Found the Perfect Ruse For Doing Exactly As She Pleased.” New York Times, Dec 25, 1986. http://search.proquest.com/docview/110998753?accountid=4488.

Grant, Douglas. Margaret the First: A Biography of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, 1623–1673. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1957.

Green, Karen. Fictions of a Feminine Philosophical Persona: Christine de Pizan, Margaret Cavendish and Philosophia Lost. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Greenstadt, Amy. Rape and the Rise of the Author: Gendering Intention in Early Modern England. Burlington: Ashgate, 2009.

—. “Margaret’s Beard.” Early Modern Women: An Interdisciplinary Journal 5 (2010): 171–82.

Gregoriou, Zelia. “Learning Performances of Dislocation, Receptivity and Hybridity in Women’s Utopian Writing.” PhD diss., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1998.

Griffiths Jones, Emily. “Historical Romance and Fin Amour in Margaret Cavendish’s Life of William Cavendish.” English Studies 92, no. 7 (2011): 756–70.

Gross, Elizabeth Anne. “Domestic Agents: Women, War and Literature in Early Modern England.” PhD diss., the Pennsylvania State University, 2006.

Haber, Judith. Desire and Dramatic Form in Early Modern England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

Hackett, Helen. Women and Romance Fiction in the English Renaissance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Hammons, Pamela S. Poetic Resistance: English Women Writers and the Early Modern Lyric. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002.

—. “The Gendered Imagination of Property in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century English Women’s Verse.” CLIO: A Journal of Literature, History, and the Philosophy of History 34, no. 4 (2005): 395–418.

—. Gender, Sexuality, and Material Objects in English Renaissance Verse. Burlington: Ashgate, 2010.

Hampsten, Elizabeth. “Petticoat Authors: 1660–1720.” Women’s Studies 7 no. 1 (1980): 21–38.

Hare, A.J.C. “A Literary Duchess.” New York Times, Apr. 21, 1878.

Harle, Birgit M. Writing on the Borderline: Margaret Cavendish’s Double-voiced Discourse. Flagstaff: Northern Arizona University, 1991.

Harris, Frances. “Living in the Neighbourhood of Science. Mary Evelyn, Margaret Cavendish, and the Greshamites.” In Women, Science and Medicine: 1500–1700, edited by Lynette Hunter and Sarah Hutton, 198–217. Stroud: Alan Sutton, 1997.

Harris, Jonathan Gil. “Cleopatran Affinities: Hélène Cixous, Margaret Cavendish, and the Writing of Dialogic Matter.” In The Impact of Feminism in English Renaissance Studies, edited by Dympna Callaghan, 33–52. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.

—. Untimely Matter in the Time of Shakespeare. Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press, 2009.

Haynes, Alan. “‘The First Great Lady’: Margaret, Duchess of Newcastle.” History Today 26, no. 11 (1976): 724–33.

Hays, Jennifer A. “The Feminist Themes in the Plays of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle.” Master’s thesis, Florida State University, 1993.

Hinds, Hilary. God’s Englishwomen: Seventeenth-Century Radical Sectarian Writing and Feminist Criticism. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1996.

Hiscock, Andrew. “‘Here’s No Design, No Plot, nor Any Ground’: The Drama of Margaret Cavendish and the Disorderly Woman.” Women’s Writing 4, no. 3 (1997): 401–20.

Hobby, Elaine, and Bill Overton. “‘There Is Not Space for Margaret Cavendish and Dryden’: Higher Education Teaching 1640–1700.” Women’s Writing 1, no. 3 (1994): 257–75.

Hobby, Elaine. “Usurping Authority over the Man: Women’s Writing 1630–1689.” In An Introduction to Women’s Writing, edited by Marion Shaw, 65–93. New York: Prentice Hall, 1998.

—. Virtue of Necessity: English Women’s Writing 1649–88. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1989.

Holmesland, Oddvar. Utopian Negotiation: Aphra Behn and Margaret Cavendish. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2013.

Hopkins, Lisa. “Crime and Context in The Unnatural Tragedy.” Early Modern Literary Studies Special Issue 14 (2004): 6.1–12.

Hutton, Sarah. “Anne Conway, Margaret Cavendish and Seventeenth Century Scientific Thought.” In Women, Science and Medicine 1500–1700, edited by Lynette Hunter and Sara Hutton, 218–34. Stroud: Sutton Publishing, 1997.

Ihlo, Luise. “Female authorship in the 17th century England at the example of Margaret Cavendish.” Term paper, University of Leipzig, 2010.

Italiano, Gloria. “Due biografie inglesi del XVII secolo: Margaret Newcastle e Lucy Hutchinson.” Paragone: Rivista Mensile Di Arte Figurativa e Letteratura 344 (1978): 60–73.

Iyengar, Sujata. “Royalist, Romanticist, Racialist: Rank, Gender, and Race in the Science and Fiction of Margaret Cavendish.” In Ashgate Critical Essays on Women Writers in England 1500–1700: Margaret Cavendish, edited by Sara H. Mendelson, 331–72. Farnham: Ashgate, 2009.

Jankowski, Theodora A. “Good Enough to Eat: The Domestic Economy of Woman-Woman Eroticism in Margaret Cavendish and Andrew Marvell.” In Privacy, Domesticity, and Women in Early Modern England, edited by Corinne S. Abate and Elizabeth Mazzola, 83–109. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.

—. “Pure Resistance: Queer(y)ing Virginity in William Shakespeare’s Measure for Measure and Margaret Cavendish’s The Convent of Pleasure.” Shakespeare Studies 26 (1998): 218–55.

—. Women in Power in the Early Modern Drama. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1992.

Johnson, Rochelle. “Revising Culture through ‘Women and Nature’: An Introduction to the Special Issue.” Women’s Studies 25, no. 5 (1996): v–xi.

Jones, Emily Griffiths. “Historical Romance and Fin Amour in Margaret Cavendish’s Life of William Cavendish.” English Studies 92, no. 7 (2011): 756–70.

Jowitt, Claire. “Imperial Dreams? Margaret Cavendish and the Cult of Elizabeth.” Women’s Writing 4, no. 3 (1997): 383–99.

Käppeli-Kälin, Ursula. “Margaret Cavendish: ‘Description of a New World, called the Blazing World’ (1666): eine feministische Utopie?” PhD diss., University of Berne, 1995.

Karnes, Christy Dawn. “Inspired by Loss: Melancholy and Women’s Agency in Early Modern Literature.” PhD diss., Miami University, 2003.

Katritzky, M.A. Women, Medicine and Theatre, 1500–1750: Literary Mountebanks and Performing Quacks. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

Kegl, Rosemary. “‘The World I have made’: Margaret Cavendish, Feminism and The Blazing World.” In Feminist Readings of Early Modern Culture: Emerging Subjects, edited by Valerie Traub, M. Lindsay Kaplan, and Dympna Callaghan, 119–41. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Kennedy, Gwynne. Just Anger: Representing Women’s Anger in Early Modern England. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2000.

Kerr, Heather. “Margaret Cavendish and Queer Literary Subjectivity.” In Women Writing 1550–1750, edited by Jo Wallwork and Paul Salzman, 215–36. Bundoora: Meridian, 2001.

Kersey, Ethel M. “Cavendish, Margaret, Duchess of Newcastle.” In Women Philosophers: A Bio-Critical Source Book, edited by Ethel M Kersey, 70–72. New York: Greenwood Press, 1989.

Khanna, Lee Cullen. “Utopian Texts by Early Modern Women.” Utopian Studies 7, no. 1 (1996): 1–5.

Koepke Yvette. “Medicine and the Arts. ‘A Woman Drest by Age’ by Margaret Lucas Cavendish. Commentary.” Academic Medicine 85, no. 8 (2010):1338–9.

Koepke-Nelson, Yvette Michelle. “Allegories of Mastery: Sex, Science, and the Making of the Modern Body in Renaissance Utopias.” PhD diss., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2003.

Kramer, Annette Felice. “Intriguing Differences: Plotting and Gender in Seventeenth and Eighteenth-Century Women’s Drama.” PhD diss., Brown University, 1993.

—. “‘Thus by the Musick of a Ladyes Tongue’: Margaret Cavendish’s Dramatic Innovations in Women’s Education.” Women’s History Review 2, no. 1 (1993): 57–79.

Landry, Donna. “Green Languages? Women Poets as Naturalists in 1653 and 1807.” In Forging Connections: Women’s Poetry from the Renaissance to Romanticism, edited by Anne K. Mellor, Felicity Nussbaum, and Jonathan F.S. Post, 39–61. San Marino: Huntington Library, 2002.

Leduc, Guyonne. “Women’s Education in Margaret Cavendish’s Plays.” Cercles 4 (2002): 16–38.

Leslie, Marina. “Antipodal Anxieties: Joseph Hall, Richard Brome, Margaret Cavendish and the Cartographies of Gender.” Genre: Forms of Discourse and Culture 30, no. 1 (1997): 51–78.

—. “Evading Rape and Embracing Empire in Margaret Cavendish’s Assaulted and Pursued Chastity.” In Menacing Virgins: Representing Virginity in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, edited by Marina Leslie and Kathleen Coyne Kelly, 179–97. London: Associated University Presses, 1999.

—. “Gender, Genre and the Utopian Body in Margaret Cavendish’s Blazing World.” Utopian Studies 7 no. 1 (1996): 6–24.

Letellier, Robert Ignatius. “Some Feminine Perceptions of Freedom in an Age of Restoration and Absolutism: Prophetic and Realistic Voices in the Writings of Margaret Cavendish and Madame de Lafayette.” In Trends in English and American Studies: Literature and the Imagination, edited by Sabine Coelsch-Foisner, Wolfgang Görtschacher, and Holger M. Klein, 129–44. Lewiston: Mellen, 1996.

Lilley, Kate. “Blazing Worlds: Seventeenth-Century Women’s Utopian Writing.” In Women, Texts, and Histories, edited by Clare Brant and Diane Purkiss, 101–132. London: Routledge, 1992.

—. “Contracting Readers: ‘Margaret Newcastle’ and the Rhetoric of Conjugality.” In A Princely Brave Woman: Essays on Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, edited by Stephen Clucas, 19–39. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.

Lucenko, Kristina. “‘This Soft Eclipse’: Family Roles and Women Writers at the English Restoration.” PhD diss., State University of New York, Buffalo, 2009.

MacCarthy, Bridget G. The Female Pen: Women Writers and Novelists, 1621–1818. Cork: Cork University Press, 1946–7 [rpt. New York University Press, 1994].

Mascetti, Yaakov A. “A ‘World of Nothing, but Pure Wit’: Margaret Cavendish and the Gendering of the Imaginary.” Partial Answers: Journal of Literature and the History of Ideas 6, no. 1(2008): 1–31.

Matchinske, Megan. Writing, Gender, and State in Early Modern England: Identity Formation and the Female Subject. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

McChesney, Kirsten Sharon. “Virgins and Vixens: Representations of Women in Selected Short Fictions of Margaret Cavendish, Aphra Behn and Eliza Haywood.” Master’s thesis, University of Auckland, 2002.

McIngvale, Elizabeth Anne. “‘Birds in Darkness’: Early Modern Women, Learned and Learning.” PhD diss., University of Mississippi, 2002.

Mendelson, Sara. “Playing Games with Gender and Genre: the Dramatic Self-Fashioning of Margaret Cavendish.” In Authorial Conquests: Essays on Genre in the Writings of Margaret Cavendish, edited by Line Cottegnies and Nancy Weitz, 195–212. Cranbury: Associated University Presses, 2003.

Merrens, Rebecca. “A Nature of ‘Infinite Sense and Reason’: Margaret Cavendish and the ‘Noise’ of a Feminized Nature.” Women’s Studies 25, no 5 (1996): 421–38.

—. “‘Ignoring the Men’: Female Speech and Male Anxiety in Cavendish’s The Female Academy and Jonson’s Epicoene.” In-between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 9, no. 1–2 (2000): 243–60.

Miller, Jacqueline T. “Ladies of the Oddest Passion: Early Modern Women and the Arts of Discretion.” Modern Philology: Critical and Historical Studies in Literature, Medieval Through Contemporary 103 no. 4 (2006): 453–73.

Miller, Nancy Weitz. “Gender, Class, and Conflicting Ideology in Margaret Cavendish’s Bell in Campo and The Convent of Pleasure.” Master’s thesis, Ohio State University, 1992.

Miller, Naomi J., and Naomi Yavneh, eds. Sibling Relations and Gender in the Early Modern World: Sisters, Brothers and Others. Burlington: Ashgate, 2006.

Miller, Shannon. Engendering the Fall: John Milton and Seventeenth-century Women Writers. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2008.

Moreman, Sarah Roche. “‘Every Wise Woman Buildeth Her House’: Margaret Cavendish’s Rhetorical Strategies for Self-Authorization.” PhD diss., Texas A&M University, 1998.

Mosher, Joyce Delvin. “Female Spectacle as Liberation in Margaret Cavendish’s Plays.” Early Modern Litarary Studies 11, no. 1 (2005) 7.1–28.

Munoz Wagner, Geraldine. “Engendering a Bodily Subjectivity: Romance Literatures and the Lives of Seventeenth Century Women.” PhD diss., Brown University, 2000.

Naess, Eli Lindtner. “Mad Madge and other ‘Lost’ Women: The Situation of the Woman Writer in Seventeenth Century England.” Edda 4 (1979): 197–209.

Neely, Carol Thomas. “Women/Utopia/Fetish: Disavowal and Satisfied Desire in Margaret Cavendish’s New Blazing World and Gloria Anzaldúa’s Borderlands/La Frontera.” In Heterotopia: Postmodern Utopia and the Body Politic edited by Tobin Siebers, 58–95. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1995.

Nelson, Holly Faith. “‘Worms in the Dull Earth of Ignorance’: Zoosemiotics and Sexual Politics in the Works of Margaret Cavendish.” English Language Notes 39, no. 4 (2002): 12–24.

Nelson, Holly Faith, and Sharon Alker. “Memory, Monuments, and Melancholic Genius in Margaret Cavendish’s Bell in Campo.” Eighteenth-Century Fiction 21, no. 1 (2008): 13–35.

Norbrook, David. “Women, the Republic of Letters, and the Public Sphere in the Mid-Seventeenth Century.” Criticism: A Quarterly for Literature and the Arts 46, no. 2 (2004): 223–40.

Olbricht, Erika Mae. “Using Sex: Margaret Cavendish’s The Lady Contemplation and the Authorial Fantasy of Class Permanence.” Pacific Coast Philology 38 (2003): 77–98.

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Payne, Linda R. “Genre and Gender: Women as Writers of Prose Fiction and Drama in Restoration and Early Eighteenth Century England.” PhD diss., University of Delaware, 1990.

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