A Collection of Letters and Poems: Written by Several Persons of Honour and Learning upon Divers Important Subjects, to the late Duke and Duchess of Newcastle. London: Langly Curtis, 1678.

Akkerman, Nadine N.W., and Marguerite Corporaal. “Mad Science Beyond Flattery: The Correspondence of Margaret Cavendish and Constantijn Huygens.” Early Modern Literary Studies Special Issue 14 (2004): 2.1–21.

Al-Otaibi, Methal. “Echoes of the Digital: English Women and Writing in the Face of Emergent Inscription Technologies during the Renaissance and Now.” PhD diss., University of California, Riverside, 2008.

Apostalova, Iva. “Princess Elizabeth of Bohemia and Margaret Cavendish: The Feminine Touch in Seventeenth-Century Epistemology.” Maritain Studies 26 (2010): 83–97.

Atherton, Margaret. Women Philosophers of the Early Modern Period. Indianapolis: Hackett Publishing Company, 1994.

Backscheider, Paula R. An Annotated Bibliography of Twentieth-Century Critical Studies of Women and Literature, 1660–1800. New York: Garland Publishing, 1977.

Ballard, George. Memoirs of British Ladies: Who Have Been Celebrated for Their Writing or Skill in the Learned Languages, Arts, and Sciences. London: T. Evans, 1775.

Ballister, Ros. “Restoring the Renaissance: Margaret Cavendish and Katherine Philips.” In Renaissance Configurations: Voices/Bodies/Spaces, 1580–1690, edited by Gordon McMullan, 234–52. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998.

Bazeley, Deborah Taylor. “An Early Challenge to the Precepts and Practice of Modern Science: The Fusion of Fact, Fiction, and Feminism in the Works of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle (1623–1673).” PhD diss., University of California, San Diego, 1990.

Beal, Peter. In Praise of Scribes: Manuscripts and their Makers in Seventeenth Century England. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998.

Bennett, Alexandra G. “Margaret Cavendish and the Theatre of War.” In Ashgate Critical Essays on Women Writers in England, 1550–1700: Margaret Cavendish, edited by Sara H. Mendelson, 103–13. Farnham: Ashgate, 2009.

—. “Happy Families and Learned Ladies: Margaret Cavendish, William Cavendish, and Their Onstage Academy Debate.” Early Modern Literary Studies Special Issue 14 (2004): 3.1–14.

Bonin, Erin Lang. “Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle (1623–1673).” In British Philosophers, 1500–1799 (Dictionary of Literary Biography), Vol. 252, edited by Peter S Fosl, 107–15. Detroit: Gale, 2002.

Bowerbank, Sylvia, and Sara Mendelson. Paper Bodies: A Margaret Cavendish Reader. Peterborough: Broadview Press, 1999.

Bowles, Emily. “Faults of a Female Pen? Reading the Traces of Embodiment, Authority, and Misogyny in Margaret Cavendish’s Handwritten Words.” Eighteenth-Century Women: Studies in their Lives, Work, and Culture 6 (2011): 1–19.

Boyle, Deborah. “Margaret Cavendish’s Nonfeminist Natural Philosophy.” Configurations: A Journal of Literature, Science, and Technology 12, no. 2 (2004): 195–227.

Broad, Jacqueline, and Karen Green. A History of Women’s Political Thought in Europe, 1400–1700. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2009.

—. Women Philosophers of the Seventeenth Century. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Broxap, Ernest. “The Sieges of Hull during the Great Civil War.” The English Historical Review 20, no. 79 (1905): 457–73.

Burroughs, Catherine. “‘Hymen’s Monkey Love’: The Concealed Fancies and Female Sexual Initiation.” Theatre Journal 51, no. 1 (1999): 21–31.

Crooks, Katherine. “The Complete Love Letters of Margaret Cavendish.” Master’s thesis, Creighton University, 2003.

Cuder-Domínguez, Pilar. Stuart Women Playwrights, 1613–1713. Burlington: Ashgate, 2011.

Cunning, David. “Cavendish on the Intelligibility of the Prospect of Thinking Matter.” History of Philosophy Quarterly 23, no. 2 (2006): 117–36.

—. “Margaret Lucas Cavendish.” In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, edited by Edward N. Zalta. <http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2012/entries/margaret-cavendish/>.

D’Addario, Christopher. “From the Stillroom to the Royal Society: Early Modern Women in Science.” Huntington Library Quarterly 74, no. 4 (2011): 611–16.

Davis, Natalie Zemon. “Gender and Genre: Women as Historical Writers, 1400–1820.” In Beyond Their Sex: Learned Women of the European Past, edited by Patricia H. Labalme, 153–82. New York: New York University Press, 1980.

Dear, Peter. “A Philosophical Duchess: Understanding Margaret Cavendish and the Royal Society.” In Science, Literature, and Rhetoric in Early Modern England, edited by Juliet Cummins and David Burchell, 125–44. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

Demers, Patricia. Women’s Writing in English: Early Modern England. Buffalo: University of Toronto Press, 2005.

de Santis, Maria. “Projecting a New Science: Restoration and Eighteenth-Century Scientific Method.” PhD diss., Columbia University, 1992.

Dewhurst, Madeline Anna Abney. “‘And Make Me Famous Too in Such a Wife’: How Margaret and William Cavendish Negotiated the Interregnum.” PhD diss., Queen Mary, University of London, 2009.

D’Monté, Rebecca Ann. “Re-presenting the Female Body in Seventeenth-Century Drama: The Plays of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, and Aphra Behn.” PhD diss., University of London, 2000.

Dodds, Lara. “Style Talk: Poetry, Rhetoric, and Natural Philosophy in Seventeenth-Century England.” PhD diss., Brown University, 2004.

—. “‘Poore Donne was out’: Reading and Writing Donne in the Works of Margaret Cavendish.” John Donne Journal: Studies in the Age of Donne 29 (2010): 133–74.

—. “Margaret Cavendish’s Domestic Experiment.” In Genre and Women’s Life Writing in Early Modern England, edited by Michelle M. Dowd and Julie A. Eckerle, 151–68. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

—. “Reading and Writing in Sociable Letters; Or, How Margaret Cavendish Read Her Plutarch.” English Literary Renaissance 41, no. 1 (2011): 189–218.

Donawerth, Jane. “Conversation and the Boundaries of Public Discourse in Rhetorical Theory by Renaissance Women.” Rhetorica 16, no. 2 (1998): 181–99.

Donovan, Josephine. “Women and the Rise of the Novel: A Feminist-Marxist Theory.” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture & Society 16, no. 3 (1991): 441–62.

Dowd, Michelle M., and Julie A. Eckerle, eds. Genre and Women’s Life Writing in Early Modern England. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

Eger, Elizabeth. “Paper Trails and Eloquent Objects: Bluestocking Friendship and Material Culture.” Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies 26, no 2 (2009): 109–38.

Evans, Meredith. “The One and the Many: Political Community in Early Modern England.” PhD diss., Johns Hopkins University, 2007.

Ezell, Margaret J.M. “The Laughing Tortoise: Speculations on Manuscript Sources and Women’s Book History.” English Literary Renaissance 38, no 2 (2008): 331–55.

—. “‘To Be Your Daughter in Your Pen’: The Social Functions of Literature in the Writings of Lady Elizabeth Brackley and Lady Jane Cavendish.” Huntington Library Quarterly: A Journal for the History and Interpretation of English and American Civilization 51, no. 4 (1988): 281–96.

Farmer, Amy Lynn. “The Rhetoric of Distance: Symbolic Capital and Women’s Textual Practices in Seventeenth Century England.” PhD diss., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2000.

Ferguson, Moira. “Margaret Lucas Cavendish: A ‘Wise, Wittie and Learned Lady.’” In Women Writers of the Seventeenth Century, edited by Katharina M. Wilson and Frank J. Warnke, 305–40. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1989.

—. “Women Writing Romance/Romance Righting Women in Seventeenth-Century England.” In Rôle et place de la femme dans la société européenne de l’antiquité à nos jours, edited by Jacqueline Bel, 143–58. Boulogne sur Mer: Centre d’Etudes et de Recherche sur les Civilisations et les Litteratures Europeennes, 2005.

Findlay, Alison, Gweno Williams, and Stephanie J. Hodgson-Wright. “‘The Play Is Ready to Be Acted’: Women and Dramatic Production, 1570–1670.” Women’s Writing 6, no. 1 (1999): 129–48.

Findlen, Paula. “Ideas in the Mind: Gender and Knowledge in the Seventeenth Century.” Hypatia 17, no. 1 (2002): 183–96.

Findley, Sandra, and Elaine Hobby. “Seventeenth-Century Women’s Autobiography.” In 1642: Literature and Power in the Seventeenth Century, edited by Francis Barker et al., 198–209. Essex: University of Essex Press, 1981.

Fitzmaurice, James. “‘When an Old Ballad Is Plainly Sung’: Musical Lyrics in the Plays of Margaret and William Cavendish.” In Oral Traditions and Gender in Early Modern Literary Texts, edited by Mary Ellen Lamb and Karen Bamford, 154–67. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2008.

—. “Autobiography, Parody and the Sociable Letters of Margaret Cavendish.” In A Princely Brave Woman: Essays on Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, edited by Stephen Clucas, 69–83. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.

—. “Fancy and the Family: Self-Characterizations of Margaret Cavendish.” Huntington Library Quarterly: A Journal for the History and Interpretation of English and American Civilization 53, no. 3 (1990): 198–209.

—. “Historical Linguistics, Literary Interpretation, and the Romances of Margaret Cavendish.” In Methods in Historical Pragmatics, edited by Susan Fitzmaurice and Irma Taavitsainen, 267–84. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2007.

—. “Margaret Cavendish in Antwerp: The Actual and the Imaginary.” In-between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 9, no. 1–2 (2000): 29–39.

—. “Margaret Cavendish on Her Own Writing: Evidence from Revision and Handmade Correction.” Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America 85, vol. 3 (1991): 297–308.

—. “Margaret Cavendish’s Life of William, Plutarch, and Mixed Genre.” In Authorial Conquests: Essays on Genre in the Writings of Margaret Cavendish, edited by Line Cottegnies and Nancy Weitz, 80–102. Cranbury: Associated University Presses, 2003.

—. “Shakespeare, Cavendish, and Reading Aloud in Seventeenth-Century England.” In Cavendish and Shakespeare, Interconnections, edited by Katherine Romack and James Fitzmaurice, 29–46. Burlington: Ashgate, 2006.

—. “Some Problems in Editing Margaret Cavendish.” In New Ways of Looking at Old Texts: Papers of the Renaissance English Text Society, edited by Speed W. Hill, 253–61. Binghamton: Medieval & Renaissance Texts & Studies, 1993.

—. “The Intellectual and Literary Courtship of Margaret Cavendish.” Early Modern Literary Studies Special Issue 14 (2004): 7.1–16.

—. “The Life and the Literary Reputation of Margaret Cavendish.” Quidditas: The Journal of the Rocky Mountain Medieval and Renaissance Association 20 (1999): 55–74.

Fitzmaurice, Susan. “Intersubjectivity and the Writing of the Epistolary Interlocutor.” In The Familiar Letter in Early Modern English, by Susan Fitzmaurice, 175–206. Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2002

—. “Sociable Letters, Acts of Advice and Medical Counsel.” In The Familiar Letter in Early Modern English, by Susan Fitzmaurice, 87–128. Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2002.

Fleming, Juliet. “Margaret Cavendish, Shakespeare Critic.” In A Feminist Companion to Shakespeare, edited by Dympna Callaghan, 21–41. Malden: Blackwell Publishers, 2000.

Fowler, Ellayne. “A World of Her Own: The Utopian Visions of Margaret Cavendish.” Master’s thesis, Montclair State College, 1993.

—. “Margaret Cavendish and the Ideal Commonwealth.” Utopian Studies 7, no. 1 (1996): 38–48.

Fulton, Alice. “Unordinary Passions: Margaret Cavendish, the Duchess of Newcastle.” In Green Thoughts, Green Shades: Essays by Contemporary Poets on the Early Modern Lyric, edited by Jonathan F.S. Post, 191–219. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.

Gagen, Jean. “Honor and Fame in the Works of the Duchess of Newcastle.” Studies in Philology 56, no. 3 (1959): 519–38.

Gallagher, Catherine. “Embracing the Absolute: The Politics of the Female Subject in Seventeenth-Century England.” Genders 1 (1988): 24–39.

Gardiner, Judith Kegan. “‘Singularity of Self’: Cavendish’s True Relation, Narcissism, and the Gendering of Individualism.” Restoration: Studies in English Literary Culture, 1660–1700 21, no. 2 (1997): 52–65.

Gillespie, Katharine. Domesticity and Dissent in the Seventeenth Century: English Women Writers and the Public Sphere. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Goreau, Angeline. “Hers: Mad Madge Found the Perfect Ruse for Doing Exactly As She Pleased.” New York Times, Dec 25, 1986. http://search.proquest.com/docview/110998753?accountid=4488.

Goulding, Richard William. Margaret (Lucas) Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle. London: Lincolnshire Chronicle, 1925.

Grant, Douglas. Margaret the First: A Biography of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, 1623–1673. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1957.

Greenstadt, Amy. Rape and the Rise of the Author: Gendering Intention in Early Modern England. Burlington: Ashgate, 2009.

—. “Margaret’s Beard.” Early Modern Women: An Interdisciplinary Journal 5 (2010): 171–82.

Gregoriou, Zelia. “Learning Performances of Dislocation, Receptivity and Hybridity in Women’s Utopian Writing.” PhD diss., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1998.

Griffiths Jones, Emily. “Historical Romance and Fin Amour in Margaret Cavendish’s Life of William Cavendish.” English Studies 92, no. 7 (2011): 756–70.

Gross, Elizabeth Anne. “Domestic Agents: Women, War and Literature in Early Modern England.” PhD diss., The Pennsylvania State University, 2006.

Hackett, Helen. Women and Romance Fiction in the English Renaissance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000.

Hair, Christopher Richard. “Seventeenth Century Discord and the Paradise Within: Genesis in the Works of Winstanley, Milton, Hutchinson, and Cavendish.” PhD diss., University of Kentucky, 2005.

Hammons, Pamela S. “The Gendered Imagination of Property in Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century English Women’s Verse.” CLIO: A Journal of Literature, History, and the Philosophy of History 34, no. 4 (2005): 395–418.

Hampsten, Elizabeth. “Petticoat Authors: 1660–1720.” Women’s Studies 7 no. 1–2 (1980): 21–38.

Hardacre, P.H. “The Royalists in Exile during the Puritan Revolution, 1642–1660.” Huntington Library Quarterly 16, no. 4 (1953): 353–70.

Hare, A.J.C. “A Literary Duchess.” New York Times, Apr. 21, 1878.

Harting, Ursula Alice. “Lord William Cavendish and Duchess Margaret Cavendish in the Rubens Garden at Antwerp.” Jahrbuch der Berliner Museen 44 (2004): 15–28.

Haynes, Alan. “‘The First Great Lady’: Margaret, Duchess of Newcastle.” History Today 26, no. 11 (1976): 724–33.

Hintz, Carrie. “‘But One Opinion’: Fear of Dissent in Cavendish’s New Blazing World.” Utopian Studies 7, no. 1 (1996): 25–37.

Hobby, Elaine, and Bill Overton. “‘There Is Not Space for Margaret Cavendish and Dryden’: Higher Education Teaching 1640–1700.” Women’s Writing 1, no. 3 (1994): 257–75.

Hobby, Elaine. “‘Delight in a singularity’: Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, in 1671.” In-between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 9 no. 1–2 (2000): 41–62.

—. “The Fame of Honest Margaret Cavendish.” Master’s thesis, University of Essex, 1979.

Holmesland, Oddvar. “Fighting the Kingdom of Faction in Bell in Campo.” Early Modern Literary Studies Special Issue 14 (2004): 5.1–25.

Holmesland, Oddvar. Utopian Negotiation Aphra Behn and Margaret Cavendish. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2013.

Hopkins, Lisa. “Margaret Cavendish and the Cavendish Houses.” In-between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 9, no. 1–2 (2000): 63–75.

Hughes, Ann, and Julie Sanders. “Disruptions and Evocations of Family amongst Royalist Exiles.” In Literatures of Exile in the English Revolution and Its Aftermath, 1640–1690, edited by Philip Major, 45–63. Farnam: Ashgate, 2010.

Ihlo, Luise. “Female Authorship in the 17th Century England at the Example of Margaret Cavendish.” Term paper, University of Leipzig, 2010.

Ingram, Randall. “First Words and Second Thoughts: Margaret Cavendish, Humphrey Mosley, and ‘the Book.’” Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 30, no.1 (2000): 101–24.

Jagodzinski, Cecile M. Privacy and Print: Reading and Writing in Seventeenth-Century England. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1999.

Jankowski, Theodora A. Women in Power in the Early Modern Drama. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1992.

Jones, Kathleen. A Glorious Fame: the Life of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, 1623–1673. London: Bloomsbury, 1988.

Kahn, Victoria. “Margaret Cavendish and the Romance of Contract.” Renaissance Quarterly 50, no. 2 (1997): 526–66.

Kennedy, Gwynne. Just Anger: Representing Women’s Anger in Early Modern England. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 2000.

Knowles, James. “‘War is All the World About’: the Cavendishes, Civil Wars and Culture Wars.” In Royalist Refugees: William and Margaret Cavendish in the Rubens House, 1648–1660, edited by Ben Van Beneden and Nora de Poorter, 21–36. Antwerp: Rubenshuis & Rubenianum, 2006.

—. “‘We’ve Lost, Should We Lose Too Our Harmless Mirth’? Cavendish’s Antwerp Entertainments.” In Royalist Refugees: William and Margaret Cavendish in the Rubens House, 1648–1660, edited by Ben Van Beneden and Nora de Poorter, 70–7. Antwerp: Rubenshuis & Rubenianum, 2006.

Koepke Yvette. “Medicine and the Arts. ‘A Woman Drest by Age’ by Margaret Lucas Cavendish. Commentary.” Academic Medicine 85, no. 8 (2010):1338–9.

Landry, Donna. “Green Languages? Women Poets as Naturalists in 1653 and 1807.” In Forging Connections: Women’s Poetry from the Renaissance to Romanticism, edited by Anne K. Mellor, Felicity Nussbaum, and and Jonathan F.S. Post, 39–61. San Marino: Huntington Library, 2002.

Leslie, Marina. Renaissance Utopias and the Problem of History. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1998.

Letellier, Robert Ignatius. “Some Feminine Perceptions of Freedom in an Age of Restoration and Absolutism: Prophetic and Realistic Voices in the Writings of Margaret Cavendish and Madame de Lafayette.” In Trends in English and American Studies: Literature and the Imagination, edited by Sabine Coelsch-Foisner, Wolfgang Görtschacher, and Holger M. Klein, 129–44. Lewiston: Mellen, 1996.

Liebert, Elisabeth. “‘In Spight of the Criticks’: Generic Complexity in Cavendish’s Convent.” Restoration & 18th Century Theatre Research 25, no. 2 (2010): 35–47.

Lobis, Seth. “The Virtue of Sympathy in Seventeenth-Century England.” PhD diss., Yale University, 2005.

Lobsien, Verena Olejniczak. Skeptische Phantasie: eine andere Geschichte der frühneuzeitlichen Literatur: Nikolaus von Kues, Montaigne, Shakespeare, Cervantes, Burton, Herbert, Milton, Marvell, Margaret Cavendish, Aphra Behn, Anne Conway. München: Fink, 1999.

Longueville, Thomas. The first Duke and Duchess of Newcastle-upon-Tyne. London: Longmans, Green and Company, 1910.

Lucenko, Kristina. “‘This Soft Eclipse’: Family Roles and Women Writers at the English Restoration.” PhD diss., State University of New York, Buffalo, 2009.

Makin, Bathsua. An Essay to Revive the Antient Education of Gentlewomen. London, 1673 [rpt. Los Angeles: Augustan Reprint Society, 1980].

Malcolmson, Christina. “Christine de Pizan’s City of Ladies in Early Modern England.” In Debating Gender in Early Modern England, 1500–1700, edited by Cristina Malcolmson and Mihoko Suzuki, 15–35. New York: Palgrave, 2002.

“Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle.” Monthly Museum: Or, Dublin Literary Repertory of Arts, Science, Literature and Miscellaneous Information vol. 1 (March 1814): 231.

Martín-Lucas, Belén. “‘A World of My Own’: Margaret Cavendish’s Auto/Biographical Texts.” In Re-Shaping the Genres: Restoration Women Writers, edited by Zenón Luis-Martínez and Jorge Figueroa-Dorrego, 213–32. Bern: Peter Lang, 2003.

Mascetti, Yaakov A. “A ‘World of Nothing, but Pure Wit’: Margaret Cavendish and the Gendering of the Imaginary.” Partial Answers: Journal of Literature and the History of Ideas 6, no. 1 (2008):1–31.

Mason, Joan. “The Women Fellows’ Jubilee.” Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 49, no. 1 (1995): 125–40.

Mason, Mary G. “The Other Voice: Autobiographies of Women Writers.” In Autobiography: Essays Theoretical and Critical, edited by James Olney, 207–35. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980.

Matchinske, Megan. Writing, Gender, and State in Early Modern England: Identity Formation and the Female Subject. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

McGuire, Mary Ann. “Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, on the Nature and Status of Women.” International Journal of Women’s Studies 2 (1978): 193–206.

McIngvale, Elizabeth Anne. “‘Birds in Darkness’: Early Modern Women, Learned and Learning.” PhD diss., University of Mississippi, 2002.

Mendelson, Sara H. “Concocting the World’s Olio: Margaret Cavendish and Continental Influence.” Early Modern Literary Studies Special Issue 14 (2004) 1.1–34.

Miller, Jacqueline T. “Ladies of the Oddest Passion: Early Modern Women and the Arts of Discretion.” Modern Philology: Critical and Historical Studies in Literature, Medieval Through Contemporary 103, no. 4 (2006): 453–73.

Miller, Steven Max. “Margaret Lucas, Duchess of Newcastle (1623–15 December 1673).” In Dictionary of Literary Biography, vol. 131, edited by M. Thomas Hester, 36–48. Detroit: Gale Research, 1993.

Munoz Wagner, Geraldine. “Engendering a Bodily Subjectivity: Romance Literatures and the Lives of Seventeenth Century Women.” PhD diss., Brown University, 2000.

Narain, Mona. “Notorious Celebrity: Margaret Cavendish and the Spectacle of Fame.” Journal of the Midwest Modern Language Association 42, no. 2 (2009): 69–95.

Nelson, Holly Faith, and Sharon Alker. “Memory, Monuments, and Melancholic Genius in Margaret Cavendish’s Bell in Campo.” Eighteenth Century Fiction 21, no. 1 (2008): 13–35.

Ng, Su Fang. “Family Ties, Political Fictions: Metaphorical Communities in Seventeenth-Century England.” PhD diss., University of Michigan, 2001.

—. Literature and the Politics of the Family in Seventeenth-Century England. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

Norbrook, David. Margaret Cavendish: Essays. New Delhi: Gulshan Taneja, 2000.

—. “Women, the Republic of Letters, and the Public Sphere in the Mid-Seventeenth Century.” Criticism 46, no. 2 (2004): 223–40.

O’Neill, Eileen. “Disappearing Ink: Early Modern Women Philosophers and Their Fate in History.” In Philosophy in a Feminist Voice: Critiques and Reconstructions, edited by Janet A. Kourany, 17–62. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.

—. “Margaret Lucas Cavendish.” In The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, edited by E. Craig. London: Routledge, 1998.

—. “Women Cartesians, ‘Feminine Philosophy,’ and Historical Exclusion,” in Feminist Interpretations of Rene Descartes, edited by Susan Bordo, 232–57. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1999.

Ostovich, Helen, Mary V. Silcox, and Graham Roebuck, eds. Other Voices, Other Views: Expanding the Canon in English Renaissance Studies. Newark: University of Deleware Press, 1999.

Parageau, Sandrine. “Catching ‘the Genius of the Age’: Margaret Cavendish, Historian and Witness.” Etudes Epistémè 17 (2010): 55–67.

Parry, Graham. “Cavendish Memorials.” Seventeenth Century 9, no. 2 (1994): 275–87.

Peale, Edward. “Newcastle on Inflation.” New York Times, Feb. 19, 1933.

Perry, Henry Ten Eyck. The First Duchess of Newcastle and Her Husband as Figures in Literary History. Boston: Ginn and Company, 1918.

Polomo, Delores. Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle (1623–1673) and the Uses of Women’s History. Washington, D.C.: ERIC Clearinghouse, 1978.

Poston, Mervyn L. “The Origin of the English Heroic Play.” The Modern Language Review 16, no. 1 (1921): 18–22.

Prasad, K. “Margaret Cavendish’s Blazing World, A Seventeenth Century Utopia.” In Essays Presented to Amy G. Stock, Professor of English, Rajasthan University, 1961–65, edited by R.K. Kaul, 58–67. Jaipur: Rajasthan University Press, 1965.

Price, Bronwen. “Feminine Modes of Knowing and Scientific Enquiry: Margaret Cavendish’s Poetry as Case Study.” In Women and Literature in Britain, 1500–1700, edited by Helen Wilcox, 117–39. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Quinsee, Susannah Jane. “Versions of Androgyny in Seventeenth-Century Women’s Poetry: Anne Bradstreet, Margaret Cavendish and Aphra Behn.” PhD Diss., University of Liverpool, 1999.

Raber, Karen. Dramatic Difference: Gender, Class, and Genre in the Early Modern Closet Drama. Newark: University of Delaware Press, 2001.

—. “The Unnatural Tragedy and Familial Absolutisms.” In Cavendish and Shakespeare, Interconnections, edited by Katherine Romack and James Fitzmaurice, 179–91. Burlington: Ashgate, 2006.

Rackin, Phyllis. Shakespeare and Women. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005.

—. “Stronger than We Thought: Revisionist Studies in Women’s History.” Renaissance Studies 26, no. 3 (2012): 460–5.

Raylor, Timothy. “Newcastle’s Ghosts: Robert Payne, Ben Jonson, and the ‘Cavendish Circle.’” In Literary Circles and Cultural Communities in Renaissance England, edited by Claude J. Summers and Ted-Larry Pebworth, 92–114. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2000.

—. “Pleasure Reconciled to Virtue: William Cavendish, Ben Jonson, and the Decorative Scheme of Bolsover Castle.” Renaissance Quarterly 52, no. 2 (1999): 402–39.

Rée, Jonathan. “Women Philosophers and the Canon.” British Journal for the History of Philosophy 10, no 4 (2002): 641–52.

Rees, Emma L.E. “Heavens Library and Natures Pictures: Patonic Partadigms and Trial By Genre.” Women’s Writing 4, no. 3 (1997): 369–81.

Reeves, Margaret. “Writing to Posterity: Margaret Cavendish’s ‘A True Relation of my Birth, Breeding, and Life’ (1656) as an ‘autobiographical relazione.’” Renaissance and Reformation 34, no. 1 (2011): 183–206.

Rich, Adrienne. “The Women Poets in English.” New York Times, April 15, 1973. http://search.proquest.com/docview/119638182/pageviewPDF/140A1C95AF466DE6E55/11?accountid=4488

Rippl, Gabriele. “Mourning and Melancholia in England and its Transatlantic Colonies: Examples of Seventeenth-Century Female Appropriations.” In The Literature of Melancholia: Early Modern to Postmodern, edited by Martin Middeke and Christina Wald, 50–66. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

Rose, Mary Beth. “Gender, Genre, and History: Seventeenth-Century English Women and the Art of Autobiography.” In Women in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance: Literary and Historical Perspectives, edited by Mary Beth Rose, 245–78. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1986.

Sale, Carolyn Joan. “Contested Acts: Legal Performances and Literary Authority in Early Modern England.”PhD diss., Stanford University, 2002.

Salzman, Paul. “Early Modern (Aristocratic) Women and Textual Property.” In Critical Essays on Women Writers in England 1500–1700, edited by Mihoko Suzuki, Anne Clifford and Lucy Hutchinson, 163–77. Surrey: Ashgate, 2009.

—. English Prose Fiction 1558–1700: A Critical History. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.

—. Reading Early Modern Women’s Writing. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.

—. “Two Voyagers: Margaret Cavendish and John Dunton.” In English Prose Fiction 1558–1700: A Critical History, by Paul Salzman, 292–307. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985.

Schwoerer, Lois G. “Women and the Glorious Revolution.” Albion: A Quarterly Journal Concerned with British Studies 18, no. 2 (1986): 195–218.

Shaver, Anne. “Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle.” In Teaching Tudor and Stuart Women Writers, edited by Susanne Woods and Margaret P. Hannay, 195–203. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 2000.

Silvani, Giovanna. “Cibo E Letteratura: L’epistolario Commestibile Di Margaret Cavendish.” Prospero: Rivista di Letterature Straniere, Comparatistica e Studi Culturali, 11 (2004): 89–100.

—. Le Socievoli Lettere di una Dama del Seicento. Milan: Guerini, 1993.

—. “La Necessità di Dire Io: Le Lettere e L’autobiografia di Margaret Cavendish.” Torre di Babele: Rivista di Letteratura e Linguistica 2 (2004): 13–27.

Smith, Cheryl Colleen. “Out of Her Place: Early Modern Exploration and Female Authorship.” PhD diss., Tufts University, 2001.

Smith, Hilda L. “Margaret Cavendish and the Microscope as Play.” In Men, Women, and the Birthing of Modern Science, edited by Judith P. Zinsser, 34–47. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2005.

—. “Women Intellectuals and Intellectual History: Their Paradigmatic Separation.” Women’s History Review 16, no. 3 (2007): 353–68.

Snook, Edith. Women, Beauty and Power in Early Modern England: A Feminist Literary History. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011.

Spinner, Jenny. “On Women and the Essay: An Anthology from the Seventeenth Century to the Present.” PhD diss., University of Connecticut, 2004.

Stanton, Kamille Stone. “‘An Amazonian Heroickess’: The Military Leadership of Queen Henrietta Maria in Margaret Cavendish’s Bell in Campo (1662).” Early Theatre 10, no. 2 (2007): 71–86.

Stranznicky, Marta. “Reading the Stage: Margaret Cavendish and Commonwealth Closet Drama.” Criticism 37, no. 3 (1995): 355–90.

Strauss, Elisabeth. “Margaret Cavendish, Herzogin von Newcastle (1623–1673).” 2001.

Sullivan, Patricia A. “Education and the Style of Seventeenth Century Women Writers: The Case of Margaret Cavendish.” Master’s thesis, St. Louis University, 1975.

—. “Female Writing Beside the Rhetorical Tradition: Seventeenth Century British Biography and a Female Tradition in Rhetoric.” International Journal of Women’s Studies 3, no. 2 (1980): 143–60.

Sutherland, Christine Mason. “Margaret Lucas Cavendish.” In British Rhetoricians and Logicians, 1500–1660, edited by Edward Malone, 36–47. Detroit: Gale, 2003.

Taintor, Sarah Augusta. The Life and Works of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle. 1906.

Thell, Anne M. “The Power of Transport, the Transport of Power: Margaret Cavendish’s Blazing World.” Women’s Studies 37, no. 5 (2008): 441–63.

Tillery, Denise. “The Plain Style in the Seventeenth Century: Gender and the History of Scientific Discourse.” Journal of Technical Writing & Communication 35, no. 3 (2005): 273–89.

Todd, Janet. The Sign of Angellica: Women, Writing, and Fiction, 1660–1800. London: Virago, 1989.

Totaro, Rebecca Carol Noel. Suffering in Paradise: The Bubonic Plague in English Literature from More to Milton. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 2005.

Trease, Geoffrey. Portrait of a Cavalier: William Cavendish, First Duke of Newcastle. New York: Taplinger Publishing Company, 1979.

Van Beneden, Ben, and Nora de Poorter, eds. Royalist Refugees: William and Margaret Cavendish in the Rubens House, 1648–1660. Antwerp: Rubenshuis & Rubenianum, 2006.

Walker, Judith Elaine. “‘Torment to a restlesse mind’: An Analysis of Major Themes in Poems and Fancies (1653) by Margaret Cavendish.” Masters Thesis, University of Birmingham, 1996.

Wallwork, Jo. “Disruptive Behaviour in the Making of Science: Cavendish and the Community of Seventeenth-Century Science.” In Early Modern Englishwomen Testing Ideas, edited by Jo Wallwork and Paul Salzman, 41–53. Burlington: Ashgate, 2011.

Walpole, Horace. A Catalogue of the Royal and Noble Authors of England, Scotland, and Ireland, Vol. 3. London: J. Scott, 1806.

Walters, Lisa. “Cavendish’s Letters of Subversion.” In Female Wits: Women and Gender in Restoration Literature and Culture, edited by Pilar Cuder-Domínguez, Zenón Luis-Martínez, and Juan A. Prieto-Pablos, 281–94. Huelva: Universidad de Huelva, 2006.

Weber, Harold. Memory, Print, and Gender in England, 1653–1759. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

Weise, Wendy S. “Recent Studies in Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle (2001–2010).” English Literary Renaissance 42, no. 1 (2012): 146–76.

Wells, Christina M. “‘Your Garbe Makes Me I Knowe You Not’: The Cavendish Family and the Literary Transformation of Marriage Practices.” PhD diss., University of Maryland, 2004.

Wernimont, Jacqueline D. “Writing Possibility: Early Modern Poetry and Mathematics.” PhD diss., Brown University, 2009.

Whitaker, Katie. Mad Madge: The Extraordinary Life of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, the First Woman to Live by Her Pen. New York: Basic Books, 2002.

Wilcox, Helen, and Sheila Ottway. “Women’s Histories.” In Cambridge Companion to Writing of the English Revolution, edited by N.H. Keeble, 148–61. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001.

Willes, Margaret. Reading Matters: Five Centuries of Discovering Books. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2008.

Williams, Gweno. “Margaret Cavendish, A True Relation of My Birth, Breeding, and Life,” in A Companion to Early Modern Women’s Writing, edited by Anita Pacheco, 165–76. Oxford: Blackwell, 2002.

Worsley, Lucy. “‘An Habitation not so Magnificent as Useful’: Life at Welbeck Abbey in the 17th Century.” The Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire 107 (2003): 123–43.

—. “Building a Family: William Cavendish, First Duke of Newcastle, and the Construction of Bolsover and Nottingham Castles.” Seventeenth Century 19, no. 2 (2004): 233–59.

—. Cavalier: A Tale of Chivalry, Passion, and Great Houses. New York: Bloomsbury, 2007.

—. “Changing Notions of Authenticity: Presenting a Castle Over Four Centuries.” International Journal of Heritage Studies 10, no. 2 (2004): 129–49.

—. “The Cavendish Family Tree.” In Royalist Refugees: William and Margaret Cavendish in the Rubens House, 1648–1660, edited by edited by Ben van Beneden and Nora de Poorter, 256–7. Antwerp: Rubenshuis & Rubenianum, 2006.

Wright, Nancy E., Margaret W. Ferguson, and Andrew Buck, eds. Women, Property, and the Letters of the Law in Early Modern England. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2004.

Wynne–Davies, Marion. “‘Fornication in My Owne Defence’: Rape, Theft and Assault Discourses in Margaret Cavendish’s The Sociable Companions.” In Expanding the Canon of Early Modern Women’s Writing, edited by Paul Salzman, 34–48. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2010.

Zinsser, Judith P, ed. Men, Women, and the Birthing of Modern Science. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2005.

Zwierlein, Anne-Julia. “‘Civil War in the Mind’: Margaret Cavendishs atomare und utopische Innenwelten. “ In Innenwelten vom Mittelalter zur Moderne: Interiorität in Literatur, Bild und Psychologiegeschichte, edited by Claudia Olk and Anne-Julia Zwierlein , 95–110. Trier: Wissenschaftlicher, 2002.