Philosophy

Ahearn, Kathleen A. “‘I’m Not a Feminist But …’: Liberatory Approaches to Teaching Margaret Cavendish’s The Blazing World.” Women’s Writing 14, no. 2 (2007): 215–31.

Ankers, Neil. “Margaret Cavendish and the Nature of the Individual.” In-between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 9, no. 1–2 (2000): 301–15.

—. “Paradigms and Politics: Hobbes and Cavendish Contrasted.” In A Princely Brave Woman: Essays on Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, edited by Stephen Clucas, 242–54. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.

Anscomb, Lisa. “Feminine Analogues of Reason: Gendered Figuration in the Writing of Margaret Cavendish, Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and Sarah Scott.” PhD diss., University of Oxford, 2003.

Apostalova, Iva. “Princess Elizabeth of Bohemia and Margaret Cavendish: The Feminine Touch in Seventeenth-Century Epistemology.” Maritain Studies 26 (2010): 83–97.

Atkinson, Anna Louise. “Fruitful in the Land of My Affliction: Narratives of Captivity and Female Self-Fashioning, 1666–1824.” PhD diss., Queen’s University at Kingston, 2001.

Ballister, Ros. “Restoring the Renaissance: Margaret Cavendish and Katherine Philips.” In Renaissance Configurations: Voices/Bodies/Spaces, 1580–1690, edited by Gordon McMullan, 234–52. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1998.

Barnes, Diana. “Familiar Epistolary Philosophy: Margaret Cavendish’s Philosophical Letters (1664).” Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies 26, no. 2 (2009): 39–64.

Bartow, Virginia. “Philosophical Studies of the Duchess of Newcastle.” Journal of Chemical Education 34, no. 2 (1957): 82–87.

Battigelli, Anna. Margaret Cavendish and the Exiles of the Mind. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 1998.

Bennett, Alexandra. “Happy Families and Learned Ladies: Margaret Cavendish, William Cavendish, and their onstage academy debate.” Early Modern Literary Studies Special Issue 14 (2004): 3.1–14.

Bertuol, Roberto. “The Square Circle of Margaret Cavendish: The 17th-Century Conceptualization of Mind by Means of Mathematics.” Language and Literature: Journal of the Poetics and Linguistics Association 10, no. 1 (2001): 21–39.

Blaydes, Sophia B. “Nature Is a Woman: The Duchess of Newcastle and Seventeenth-Century Philosophy.” In Man, God, and Nature in the Enlightenment, edited by Donald C. Mell, Jr. et al., 51–64. East Lansing: Colleagues Press, 1988.

Bordinat, Philip. “Newcastle’s Unpublished Poem ‘The Battle’: A Key to the Heart and Mind.” The Bulletin of the West Virginia Association of College English Teachers 9 (1986): 14–19.

Bowles, Emily. “Faults of a Female Pen? Reading the Traces of Embodiement, Authority, and Misogyny in Margaret Cavendish’s Handwritten Words.” Eighteenth-Century Women: Studies in their Lives, Work, and Culture 6 (2011): 1–19.

Boyle, Deborah. “Margaret Cavendish’s Nonfeminist Natural Philosophy.” Configurations: A Journal of Literature, Science, and Technology 12, no. 2 (2004): 195–227.

Boyle, Jennifer Ellen. “The Anamorphic Imagination: Embodying Perspective in Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Literature and Science.” PhD diss., University of California, Irvine, 2003.

Bradburn, Elizabeth. “1620–1700: Mind on the Move.” In The Emergence of Mind: Representations of Consciousness in Narrative Discourse in English, edited by David Herman, 132–58. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2011.

Broad, Jacqueline. “Cavendish Redefined.” British Journal for the History of Philosophy 12, no. 4 (2004): 731–41.

Chao, Tien-yi. “Contemplation on the ‘World of My Own Creating’: Alchemical Discourses on Nature and Creation in the Blazing World (1666).” NTU Studies in Language and Literature 22 (2009): 57–76.

Clairhout, Isabelle, and Sandro Jung. “Cavendish’s Body of Knowledge.” English Studies 92, no. 7 (2011): 729–43.

Clucas, Stephen. “Margaret Cavendish’s Materialist Critique of Van Helmontian Chymistry.” Ambix: Journal of the Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry 58, no. 1 (2011): 1–12.

—. “The Duchess and the Viscountess: Negotiations between Mechanism and Vitalism in the Natural Philosophies of Margaret Cavendish and Anne Conway.” In-between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 9, no. 1–2 (2000): 125–36.

—, ed. A Princely Brave Woman: Essays on Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.

Cooke, Whitley Ann. “‘Severall Coloured Ribbons’: Margaret Cavendish’s Theory of Female Creativity.” PhD diss., University of Oklahoma, 2000.

Corporaal, Marguérite. “‘My Mind a Busy Fool’: Margaret Cavendish’s Reflections on Science.” In-between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 9, no. 1–2 (2000): 147–60.

Cottegnies, Line. “Margaret Cavendish and Cyrano de Bergerac: A Libertine Subtext for Cavendish’s Blazing World (1666)?” Bulletin De La Société d’Etudes Anglo-Américaines des XVIIe Et XVIIIe Siècles 54, no. 1 (2002): 165–85.

—. “Margaret Cavendish Et l’« Autobiographie » Au XVIIe Siècle: Topographie d’Un Discours Paradoxal. ” In L’Autobiographie Littéraire En Angleterre (XVIIe-XXe Siècles): Géographies Du Soi, edited by Frédéric Regard, 35–55. Saint-Etienne: Publications de l’Université de Saint-Etienne, 2000.

—. “The Garden and the Tower: Pastoral Retreat and Configurations of the Self in the Auto/Biographical Works of Margaret Cavendish and Lucy Hutchinson.” In Mapping the Self: Space, Identity, Discourse in British Auto/Biography, edited by Frédéric Regard and Geoffrey Wall, 125–44. Saint-Etienne: Publications de l’Université de Saint-Etienne, 2003.

—. ““Utopia, Millenarianism, and the Baconian Programme of Margaret Cavendish’s The Blazing World (1666).”“ In New Worlds Reflected: Travel and Utopia in the Early Modern Period, edited by Chloë Houston and Andrew Hadfield, 71–91. Burlington: Ashgate, 2010.

Cunning, David. “Cavendish on the Intelligibility of the Prospect of Thinking Matter.” History of Philosophy Quarterly 23, no. 2 (2006): 117–36.

—. “Margaret Lucas Cavendish.” In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, edited by Edward N. Zalta. http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2012/entries/margaret-cavendish/

Dear, Peter. “A Philosophical Duchess: Understanding Margaret Cavendish and the Royal Society.” In Science, Literature, and Rhetoric in Early Modern England, edited by Juliet Cummins and David Burchell, 125–44. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

Detlefsen, Karen. “Atomism, Monism, and Causation in the Natural Philosophy of Margaret Cavendish.” In Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy, vol 3, edited by Daniel Garber and Steven Nadler, 199–240. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.

—. “Margaret Cavendish on the Relation between God and World.” Philosophy Compass 4, no. 3 (2009): 421–38.

—. “Reason and Freedom: Margaret Cavendish on the Order and Disorder of Nature.” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 89, no. 2 (2007): 157–91.

Dodds, Lara. “Reading and Writing in Sociable Letters; Or, How Margaret Cavendish Read Her Plutarch.” English Literary Renaissance 41, no. 1 (2011): 189–218.

—. “Style Talk: Poetry, Rhetoric, and Natural Philosophy in Seventeenth-Century England.” PhD diss., Brown University, 2004.

Donawerth, Jane. “Conversation and the Boundaries of Public Discourse in Rhetorical Theory by Renaissance Women.” Rhetorica 16, no 2 (1998): 181–99.

Donovan, Josephine. “Women and the Rise of the Novel: A Feminist-Marxist Theory.” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture & Society 16, no. 3 (1991): 441–62.

Dowd, Michelle M., and Julie A. Eckerle, eds. Genre and Women’s Life Writing in Early Modern England. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

Eger, Elizabeth. “Paper Trails and Eloquent Objects: Bluestocking Friendship and Material Culture.” Parergon: Journal of the Australian and New Zealand Association for Medieval and Early Modern Studies 26, no. 2 (2009): 109–38.

Ferguson, Moira. “Margaret Lucas Cavendish: A ‘Wise, Wittie and Learned Lady.’” In Women Writers of the Seventeenth Century, edited by Katharina M. Wilson and Frank J. Warnke, 305–40. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1989.

Findlen, Paula. “Ideas in the Mind: Gender and Knowledge in the Seventeenth Century.” Hypatia 17, no. 1 (2002): 183–96.

Fitzmaurice, James. “Front Matter and the Physical Make-up of Natures Pictures.” Women’s Writing 4, no. 3 (1997): 353–67.

—. “Historical Linguistics, Literary Interpretation, and the Romances of Margaret Cavendish.” In Methods in Historical Pragmatics, edited by Susan Fitzmaurice and Irma Taavitsainen, 267–84. Berlin: De Gruyter, 2007.

—. “Margaret Cavendish in Antwerp: The Actual and the Imaginary.” In-between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 9, no. 1–2 (2000): 29–39.

—, ed. Margaret Cavendish: Sociable Letters. New York: Garland, 1997.

Fitzmaurice, Susan M. “‘But, Madam’: The Interlocutor in Margaret Cavendish’s Writing.” In-between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 9, no. 1–2 (2000): 17–27.

—. “Intersubjectivity and the Writing of the Epistolary Interlocutor.” In The Familiar Letter in Early Modern English, by Susan Fitzmaurice, 175–206. Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2002.

Fowler, Ellayne. “Margaret Cavendish and the Ideal Commonwealth.” Utopian Studies 7, no. 1 (1996): 38–48.

—. “A World of Her Own: The Utopian Visions of Margaret Cavendish.” Master’s thesis, Montclair State College, 1993.

Fulton, Alice. “Unordinary Passions: Margaret Cavendish, the Duchess of Newcastle.” In Green Thoughts, Green Shades: Essays by Contemporary Poets on the Early Modern Lyric, edited by Jonathan F. S. Post, 191–219. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2002.

Gagen, Jean. “Honor and Fame in the Works of the Duchess of Newcastle.” Studies in Philology 56, no. 3 (1959): 519–38.

Gallagher, Catherine. “Embracing the Absolute: The Politics of the Female Subject in Seventeenth-Century England.” Genders 1 (1988): 24–39.

Gardiner, Judith Kegan. “‘Singularity of Self’: Cavendish’s True Relation, Narcissism, and the Gendering of Individualism.” Restoration: Studies in English Literary Culture, 1660–1700 21, no. 2 (1997): 52–65.

Geard, Jennifer Louise. “Sovereign Virtue, Singular Fame: Margaret Cavendish’s Self-Construction as Woman and Author, and the Roles She Sees for Women as Thinkers and Beautiful Tyrants in Natures Pictures Drawn by Fancies Pencil to the Life.” Master’s thesis, University of Canterbury, 1992.

Goldberg, Jonathan. “Margaret Cavendish, Scribe.” In GLQ: A Journal of Lesbian and Gay Studies 10, no. 3 (2004): 433–52.

—. The Seeds of Things: Theorizing Sexuality and Materiality in Renaissance Representations. New York: Fordham University Press, 2009.

Green, Karen. Fictions of a Feminine Philosophical Persona: Christine de Pizan, Margaret Cavendish and Philosophia Lost. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Greenstadt, Amy. Rape and the Rise of the Author: Gendering Intention in Early Modern England. Burlington: Ashgate, 2009.

Gregoriou, Zelia. “Learning Performances of Dislocation, Receptivity and Hybridity in Women’s Utopian Writing.” PhD diss., University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1998.

Hair, Christopher Richard. “Seventeenth Century Discord and the Paradise Within: Genesis in the Works of Winstanley, Milton, Hutchinson, and Cavendish.” PhD diss., University of Kentucky, 2005.

—. “The Flaw in Paradise: The Critique of Idealism in Margaret Cavendish’s The Blazing World.” Renaissance Papers (2007): 55–67.

Hammons, Pamela S. Gender, Sexuality, and Material Objects in English Renaissance Verse. Burlington: Ashgate, 2010.

Harle, Birgit M. Writing on the Borderline: Margaret Cavendish’s Double-voiced Discourse. Flagstaff: Northern Arizona University, 1991.

Hatfield, Gary. “Force (God) in Descartes’ Physics”.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 10, no 2 (1979): 113–40.

Hill, Melissa. “‘A Conversation of Souls’: Community and Subjectivity in Margaret Cavendish’s Sociable Letters.” In Proceedings of the PMR Conference: Annual Publication of the International Patristic, Mediaeval and Renaissance Conference 16–17 (1992–1993): 139–47.

Hintz, Carrie. “‘But One Opinion’: Fear of Dissent in Cavendish’s New Blazing World.” Utopian Studies 7, no.1 (1996): 25–37.

Hiscock, Andrew. “‘Here’s No Design, No Plot, nor Any Ground’: The Drama of Margaret Cavendish and the Disorderly Woman.” Women’s Writing 4, no. 3 (1997): 401–20.

Hursh, L. Leigh. “Unmarking Margaret Cavendish: A 17th-Century Rationalist in Experimental Language Space.” Master’s thesis, University of South Carolina, 2002.

Hutton, Sarah. “In Dialogue with Thomas Hobbes: Margaret Cavendish’s Natural Philosophy.” Women’s Writing 4, no. 3 (1997): 421–32.

—. “Margaret Cavendish and Henry More.” In A Princely Brave Woman: Essays on Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, edited by Stephen Clucas, 185–98. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.

James, Susan. “The Philosophical Innovations of Margaret Cavendish.” British Journal for the History of Philosophy 7, no. 2 (1999): 219–44.

Jolley, Nicholas. Leibniz and Locke: A Study of the New Essays on Human Understanding. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984.

—. “Margaret Cavendish’s Mythopoetics: By Way of Introduction.” English Studies 92, no. 7 (2011): 705–10.

Karnes, Christy Dawn. “Inspired by Loss: Melancholy and Women’s Agency in Early Modern Literature.” PhD diss., Miami University, 2003.

Kegl, Rosemary. “‘The World I Have Made’: Margaret Cavendish, Feminism and The Blazing World.” In Feminist Readings of Early Modern Culture: Emerging Subjects, edited by Valerie Traub, M. Lindsay Kaplan, and Dympna Callaghan, 119–41. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Keller, Eve. “Producing Petty Gods: Margaret Cavendish’s Critique of Experimental Science.” English Literary History 64, no. 2 (1997): 447–71.

Kellett, Katherine R. “Performance, Performativity, and Identity in Margaret Cavendish’s The Convent of Pleasure.” Studies in English Literature, 1500–1900 48, no. 2 (2008): 419–42.

Kersey, Ethel M. “Cavendish, Margaret, Duchess of Newcastle.” In Women Philosophers: A Bio-Critical Source Book, edited by Ethel M. Kersey, 70–72. New York: Greenwood Press, 1989.

Khanna, Lee Cullen. “The Subject of Utopia: Margaret Cavendish and Her Blazing-World.” In Utopian and Science Fiction by Women: Worlds of Difference, edited by Jane L. Donawerth and Carol A. Kolmerten, 15–34. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1994.

—. “Utopian Exchanges: Negotiating Difference in Utopia.” In Gender and Utopia in the Eighteenth Century: Essays in English and French Utopian Writing, edited by Nicole Pohl and Brenda Tooley, 17–37. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

Knowles, James. “‘War is all the World About’: the Cavendishes, Civil War and Culture Wars.” In Royalist Refugees: William and Margaret Cavendish in the Rubens House, 1648–1660, edited by Ben van Beneden and Nora de Poorter, 21–36. Antwerp: Rubenshuis & Rubenianum, 2006.

Leslie, Marina. “Evading Rape and Embracing Empire in Margaret Cavendish’s Assaulted and Pursued Chastity.” In Menacing Virgins: Representing Virginity in the Middle Ages and the Renaissance, edited by Marina Leslie and Kathleen Coyne Kelly, 179–97. London: Associated University Press, 1999.

—. “Gender, Genre and the Utopian Body in Margaret Cavendish’s Blazing World.” Utopian Studies 7, no.1 (1996): 6–24.

Cottegnies, Line. “Margaret Cavendish and Cyrano de Bergerac: A Libertine Subtext for Cavendish’s Blazing World (1666)?” In XVII-XVIII. Bulletin De La Société D’études Anglo-Américaines des XVIIe et XVIIIe Siècles 54, no 1 (2002): 165–85.

Lobsien, Verena Olejniczak. Skeptische Phantasie: Eine andere Geschichte der frühneuzeitlichen Literatur: Nikolaus von Kues, Montaigne, Shakespeare, Cervantes, Burton, Herbert, Milton, Marvell, Margaret Cavendish, Aphra Behn, Anne Conway. München: Fink, 1999.

Low, Jennifer. “Surface and Interiority: Self-Creation in Margaret Cavendish’s The Claspe.” Philological Quarterly 77, no. 2 (1998): 149–69.

Lynch, Marianne. “A Perfect Stranger: The Development of Margaret Cavendish’s Natural Philosophy.” PhD diss., Concordia University, 2008.

Matchinske, Megan. Writing, Gender, and State in Early Modern England: Identity Formation and the Female Subject. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998.

McGinn, Colin. The Mysterious Flame: Conscious Minds in a Material World. New York: Basic Books, 1999.

McGrath, Lynette. Subjectivity and Women’s Poetry in Early Modern England: Why on the Ridge Should She Desire to Go? Burlington: Ashgate, 2002.

McGuire, Mary Ann. “Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, on the Nature and Status of Women.” International Journal of Women’s Studies 2 (1978): 193–206.

Mendelson, Sara Heller. The Mental World of Stuart Women: Three Studies. Brighton: Harvester Press, 1987.

Michaelian, Kourken. “Margaret Cavendish’s Epistemology.” British Journal for the History of Philosophy 17, no. 1 (2009): 31–53.

Munoz Wagner, Geraldine. “Engendering a Bodily Subjectivity: Romance Literatures and the Lives of Seventeenth Century Women.” PhD diss., Brown University, 2000.

Nelson, Holly Faith. “‘Worms in the Dull Earth of Ignorance’: Zoosemiotics and Sexual Politics in the Works of Margaret Cavendish.” English Language Notes 39, no. 4 (2002): 12–24.

Norbrook, David. “Margaret Cavendish and Lucy Hutchinson: Identity, Ideology and Politics.” In-between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 9, no. 1–2 (2000): 179–203.

—. “Women, the Republic of Letters, and the Public Sphere in the Mid-Seventeenth Century.” Criticism: A Quarterly for Literature and the Arts 46, no. 2 (2004): 223–40.

O’Neill, Eileen. “Disappearing Ink: Early Modern Women Philosophers and Their Fate in History.” In Philosophy in a Feminist Voice: Critiques and Reconstructions, edited by Janet A. Kourany, 17–62. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.

—. “Early Modern Women Philosophers and the History of Philosophy.” Hypatia 20, no. 3 (2005): 185–97.

—. “Women Cartesians, ‘Feminine Philosophy,’ and Historical Exclusion.” Feminist Interpretations of Rene Descartes, edited by Susan Bordo, 232–57. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press, 1999.

Ollman, Nadine. 1988. “The Poet as Mermaid: Images of Self in Margaret Cavendish and Others.” In Eighteenth-Century Women and the Arts, edited by Frederick M. Keener and Susan E. Lorsch, 87–92. New York: Greenwood Press, 1988.

Paloma, Delores. “Margaret Cavendish: Defining the Female Self.” Women’s Studies 7, no. 1–2 (1980): 55–66.

Parageau, Sandrine, and Line Cottegnies. “La Contribution des Femmes au Débat Philosophique en Angleterre au Milieu du XVIIe Siècle : Margaret Cavendish (1623–1673), Anne Conway (1631–1679), et la Philosophie de la Nature.” PhD diss., Université de la Sorbonne Nouvelle (Paris), 2008.

Payne, Linda R. “Dramatic Dreamscape: Women’s Dreams and Utopian Vision in the Works of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle.” In Curtain Calls: British and American Women and the Theater, 1660–1830, edited by Mary Anne Schofield and Cecilia Macheski, 18–33. Athens: Ohio University Press, 1991.

Perry, Henry Ten Eyck. The First Duchess of Newcastle and Her Husband as Figures in Literary History. Boston: Ginn and Company, 1918.

Plastina, Sandra. “Donne e Animali: Papere, Cani e Galline.” Bruniana & Campanelliana: Ricerche Filosofiche e Materiali Storico-Testuali 17, no. 1 (2011): 151–62.

Poole, Kristen. “Naming, Paradise Lost, and the Gendered Discourse of Perfect Language Schemes.” English Literary Renaissance 38, no. 3 (2008): 535–59.

Price, Bronwen. “Journeys Beyond Frontiers: Knowledge, Subjectivity and Outer Space in Margaret Cavendish’s The Blazing World (1666).” In The Arts of 17th-Century Science: Representations of the Natural World in European and North American Culture, edited by Claire Jowitt and Diane Watt, 127–45. Aldershot: Ashgate. 2002.

Raber, Karen. “The Unnatural Tragedy and Familial Absolutisms.” In Cavendish and Shakespeare, Interconnections, edited by Katherine Romack and James Fitzmaurice, 179–91. Burlington: Ashgate, 2006.

Rackin, Phyllis. “Stronger than We Thought: Revisionist Studies in Women’s History.” Renaissance Studies 26, no. 3 (2012): 460–65.

Raylor, Timothy. “Newcastle’s Ghosts: Robert Payne, Ben Jonson, and the ‘Cavendish Circle.’” In Literary Circles and Cultural Communities in Renaissance England, edited by Claude J. Summers and Ted-Larry Pebworth, 92–114. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2000.

Rée, Jonathan. “Women Philosophers and the Canon.” British Journal for the History of Philosophy 10, no. 4 (2002): 641–52.

Rees, Emma L.E. Margaret Cavendish: Gender, Genre, Exile. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2003.

—. “‘Sweet Honey of the Muses’: Lucretian Resonance in Poems, and Fancies.” In-between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 9, no. 1–2 (2000): 3–16.

—. “A Well-Spun Yarn: Margaret Cavendish and Homer’s Penelope.” In A Princely Brave Woman: Essays on Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, edited by Stephen Clucas, 171–81. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.

Reeves, Margaret. “Writing to Posterity: Margaret Cavendish’s ‘A True Relation of my Birth, Breeding, and Life(1656) as an ‘autobiographical relazione.’” Renaissance and Reformation 34, no. 1 (2011): 183–206.

Robinson, Leni Katherine. “A Figurative Matter: Continuities Between Margaret Cavendish’s Theory of Discourse and her Natural Philosophy.” PhD diss., University of British Columbia, 2010.

Romack, Katherine M. “Margaret Cavendish, Shakespeare Critic.” In A Feminist Companion to Shakespeare, edited by Dymphna Callaghan, 21–41. Malden: Blackwell Publishers, 2000.

Rudan, Paola. “Il Centro Eccentrico: Le Donne, Il Femminismo e Il Soggetto a Sesso Unico.” Filosofia Politica 25, no. 3 (2011): 365–83.

S.K.C. “Poems and Plays by the Duchess of Newcastle.” Blackwood’s Edinburgh Magazine 4, no. 21 (1818): 309–13.

Seber, Hande. “Where Science Meets With Fancy: The Atomic Poems of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle.” Hacettepe University, Journal of Faculty of Letters 22, no. 2 (2005): 187–202.

Sanchez, Melissa Elaine, ed. Erotic Subjects: The Sexuality of Politics in Early Modern English Literature. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

—. “Monstrous Eros: A Reconsideration of Seventeenth-Century British Romance.” PhD diss., University of California, Irvine, 2002.

Sanders, Julie. “The Closet Opened’: A Reconstruction of ‘Private’ Space in the Writings of Margaret Cavendish.” In A Princely Brave Woman : Essays on Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, edited by Stephen Clucas, 127–40. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.

—. “‘A Woman Write a Play!’: Jonsonian Strategies and the Dramatic Writings of Margaret Cavendish; Or, Did the Duchess Feel the Anxiety of Influence?” Readings in Renaissance Women’s Drama: Criticism, History, and Performance, 1594–1998, edited by S.P. Cerasano and Marion Wynne-Davies, 293–305. London: Routledge, 1998.

Sarasohn, Lisa T. “A Science Turned Upside Down: Feminism and the Natural Philosophy of Margaret Cavendish.” Huntington Library Quarterly: A Journal for the History and Interpretation of English and American Civilization 47, no. 4 (1984): 289–307.

—. “Leviathan and the Lady: Cavendish’s Critique of Hobbes in the Philosophical Letters.” In Authorial Conquests: Essays on Genre in the Writings of Margaret Cavendish, edited by Line Cottegnies and Nancy Weitz, 40–58. Cranbury: Associated University Presses, 2003.

—. “Margaret Cavendish and Patronage.” Endeavour 23, no. 3 (1999): 130–2.

—. “Margaret Cavendish, William Newcastle, and Political Marginalization.” English Studies 92, no. 7 (2011): 806–17.

—. The Natural Philosophy of Margaret Cavendish: Reason and Fancy During the Scientific Revolution. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010.

Sartiel, Galia. “Margaret Cavendish and the Utopian Imagination.” Master’s thesis, Tel Aviv University, 2000.

Savage-Owens, Rebecca Lynn. “A Method to the Madness: Self-fashioning in the Works of Margaret Cavendish, the Duchess of Newcastle: A Thesis.” Master’s Thesis, University of Alabama in Huntsville, 2009.

Schiebinger, Londa. “Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle.” In A History of Women Philosophers; Volume III: Modern Women Philosophers 1600–1900, edited by Mary Ellen Waithe, 1–20. Norwell: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991.

—. “Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle: Natural Philosopher (1617–1673).” Resources for Feminist Research 16, no. 3 (1987): 60–61.

—. “Margaret Cavendish: Natural Philosopher.” In A History of Women Philosophers 1600–1900, edited by Mary Ellen Waithe, 1–20. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1991.

Schwoerer, Lois G. “Seventeenth-Century English Women Engraved in Stone?” Albion: A Quarterly Journal Concerned with British Studies 16, no. 4 (1984): 389–403.

Searle, John R. “Minds, Brains and Science.” Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984.

Seber, Hande. “Creating a Utopian World of Her Own: Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle’s The Description of a New World, Called the Blazing World.” Interactions 17, no. 2 (2008): 85–96.

Sherman, Sandra. “Trembling Texts: Margaret Cavendish and the Dialectic of Authorship.” English Literary Renaissance 24 no. 1 (1994): 184–210.

Shimizu, Kazuko. “The Development of Reason as Natural Law: A Comparative Study of British Eighteenth-Century Feminism and Japanese Modern Feminism.” PhD diss., University of Iowa, 1999.

Siegfried, Brandie R. “Anecdotal and Cabalistic Forms in Observations upon Experimental Philosophy.” In Authorial Conquests: Essays on Genre in the Writings of Margaret Cavendish, edited by Line Cottegnies and Nancy Weitz, 59–79. Cranbury: Associated University Presses, 2003.

—. “The City of Chance, or, Margaret Cavendish’s Theory of Radical Symmetry.” Early Modern Literary Studies Special Issue 14 (2004): 9.1–29.

—. “Dining at the Table of Sense: Shakespeare, Cavendish, and The Convent of Pleasure.” In Cavendish and Shakespeare, Interconnections, edited by Katherine Romack and James Fitzmaurice, 63–83. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006.

Sisson, Mary Sanders. “Materializing the Immaterial: Testing the Limits of Reason and Fancy in Margaret Cavendish’s ‘Observations upon Experimental Philosophy’ and ‘The Blazing World.” Honors essay, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2011.

Smith, Hilda L. “Women Intellectuals and Intellectual History: Their Paradigmatic Separation.” Women’s History Review 16, no. 3 (2007): 353–68.

—. Reason’s Disciples: Seventeenth-Century English Feminists. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1982.

Smith, Sidonie. “‘The Ragged Rout of Self’: Margaret Cavendish’s True Relation and the Heroics of Self-Disclosure.” In Early Women Writers: 1600–1720, edited by Anita Pacheco, 111–32. London: Longman, 1998.

Spiller, Elizabeth A. Science, Reading, and Renaissance Literature: The Art of Making Knowledge, 1580–1670. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

—. “Sighting Utopia in the Lens: Reading Praxis in Johannes Kepler and Margaret Cavendish.” Journal x: A Journal in Culture and Criticism 3, no. 2 (1999): 147–69.

Starr, G. Gabrielle. “Cavendish, Aesthetics, and the Anti-Platonic Line.” Eighteenth-Century Studies 39, no. 3 (2006): 295–308.

Stevenson, Jay. “Imagining the Mind: Cavendish’s Hobbesian Allegories.” In A Princely Brave Woman: Essays on Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, edited by Stephen Clucas, 143–155.Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.

—. “Physical Fictions: Margaret Cavendish and Her Material Soul.” PhD diss,. Rutgers University, 1997.

Strass, Elizabeth. Die Arithmetik der Leidenschaften: Margaret Cavendishs Naturphilosophie. Stuttgart: Metzler-Verlag, 1999.

—. Die Naturphilosophie von Margaret Cavendish (1623–1673) im Umfeld von Thomas Hobbes, Henry More und den Empiristen der Royal Society. PhD diss., Freie University, 1997.

Stuart, Judith Anderson. “Constructing Female Communities in Writings by Margaret Cavendish, Mary Astell, Eliza Haywood, and Charlotte Lennox.” Master’s thesis, York University, 2004.

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