Science

Akkerman, Nadine N.W., and Marguerite Corporaal. “Mad Science beyond Flattery: The Correspondence of Margaret Cavendish and Constantijn Huygens.” Early Modern Literary Studies Special Issue 14 (2004): 2.1–21.

—. “‘Some New Rarities’: de Correspondentie van Margaret Cavendish en Constantijn Huygens.” Historica 26, no. 2 (2003): 12–14.

Bartow, Virginia. “Philosophical Studies of the Duchess of Newcastle.” Journal of Chemical Education 34, no. 2 (1957): 82–87.

Bazeley, Deborah Taylor. “An Early Challenge to the Precepts and Practice of Modern Science: The Fusion of Fact, Fiction, and Feminism in the Works of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle (1623–1673).” PhD diss., University of California, San Diego, 1990.

Bolander, Alisa Curtis. “Margaret Cavendish and Scientific Discourse in Seventeenth-Century England.” Master’s thesis, Brigham Young University, 2004.

Borlik, Todd Andrew. “The Whale under the Microscope: Technology and Objectivity in Two Renaissance Utopias.” In Philosophies of Technology: Francis Bacon and His Contemporaries, edited by Claus Zittel, Gisela Engel, Romano Nanni, and Nicole C. Karafyllis, 231–49. Leiden: Brill, 2008.

Bowerbank, Sylvia. Speaking for Nature: Women and Ecologies in Early Modern England. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.

Boyle, Deborah. “Margaret Cavendish’s Nonfeminist Natural Philosophy.” Configurations: A Journal of Literature, Science, and Technology 12, no. 2 (2004): 195–227.

Boyle, Jennifer Ellen. “The Anamorphic Imagination: Embodying Perspective in Seventeenth- and Eighteenth-Century Literature and Science.” PhD diss., University of California, Irvine, 2003.

Broad, Jacqueline. “Margaret Cavendish and Joseph Glanvill: Science, Religion, and Witchcraft.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 38, no. 3 (2007): 493–505.

Brunton, T. Lauder. “The Cavendish Lecture on Elimination & Its Uses in Preventing and Curing Disease.” The British Medical Journal 1, no. 1590 (1891): 1321–6.

Chao, Tien-yi. “‘Contemplation on the ‘World of My Own Creating’: Alchemical Discourses on Nature and Creation in The Blazing World (1666).” NTU Studies in Language and Literature 22 (2009): 57–76.

Clairhout, Isabelle, and Sandro Jung. “Cavendish’s Body of Knowledge.” English Studies 92, no. 7 (2011): 729–43.

Clucas, Stephen. “Margaret Cavendish’s Materialist Critique of Van Helmontian Chymistry.” Ambix: Journal of the Society for the History of Alchemy and Chemistry 58, no. 1 (2011): 1–12.

—. “The Duchess and the Viscountess: Negotiations between Mechanism and Vitalism in the Natural Philosophies of Margaret Cavendish and Anne Conway.” In-between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 9, no. 1–2 (2000): 125–36.

—, ed. A Princely Brave Woman: Essays on Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.

Corporaal, Marguérite. “‘My Mind a Busy Fool’: Margaret Cavendish’s Reflections on Science.” In-between: Essays and Studies in Literary Criticism 9, no. 1–2 (2000): 147–60.

Cottegnies, Line. “Le ‘Renouveau’ De l’Épicurisme En Angleterre Au Milieu Du Dix-Septième Siècle De Walter Charleton à Margaret Cavendish-Une Histoire Franco-Britannique. ” Etudes Epistémè 14 (2008): 123–73.

—. “Margaret Cavendish and Cyrano De Bergerac: A Libertine Subtext for Cavendish’s Blazing World (1666)?” In Bulletin De La Société d’Etudes Anglo-Américaines Des XVIIe et XVIIIe Siècles 54, no 1 (2002): 165–85.

—. “Utopia, Millenarianism, and the Baconian Programme of Margaret Cavendish’s The Blazing World (1666).”“ In New Worlds Reflected: Travel and Utopia in the Early Modern Period, edited by Chloë Houston and Andrew Hadfield, 71–91. Burlington: Ashgate, 2010.

Cunning, David. “Cavendish on the Intelligibility of the Prospect of Thinking Matter.” History of Philosophy Quarterly 23, no. 2 (2006): 117–36.

—. “Margaret Lucas Cavendish.” In The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, edited by Edward N. Zalta. http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2012/entries/margaret-cavendish/

Dear, Peter. “A Philosophical Duchess: Understanding Margaret Cavendish and the Royal Society.” In Science, Literature, and Rhetoric in Early Modern England, edited by Juliet Cummins and David Burchell, 125–44. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

de Santis, Maria. “Projecting a New Science: Restoration and Eighteenth-Century Scientific Method.” PhD diss., Columbia University, 1992.

Detlefsen, Karen. “Atomism, Monism, and Causation in the Natural Philosophy of Margaret Cavendish.” In Oxford Studies in Early Modern Philosophy, vol 3, edited by Daniel Garber and Steven Nadler, 199–240. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.

—. “Margaret Cavendish on the Relation between God and World.” Philosophy Compass 4, no. 3 (2009): 421–38.

—. “Reason and Freedom: Margaret Cavendish on the Order and Disorder of Nature.” Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 89, no. 2 (2007): 157–91.

Dodds, Lara. “Margaret Cavendish’s Domestic Experiment.” In Genre and Women’s Life Writing in Early Modern England, edited by Michelle M. Dowd and Julie A. Eckerle, 151–68. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

—. “Style Talk: Poetry, Rhetoric, and Natural Philosophy in Seventeenth-Century England.” PhD diss., Brown University, 2004.

Earnest, Marykate. “An Ecocritical Exploration of the Unique Nature of Oceans in The Blazing World.” Early English Studies 3 (2010): 2–32.

Ezell, Margaret J.M. “The Laughing Tortoise: Speculations on Manuscript Sources and Women’s Book History.” English Literary Renaissance 38, no. 2 (2008): 331–55.

Ferguson, Moira. “Margaret Lucas Cavendish: A ‘Wise, Wittie and Learned Lady.’” In Women Writers of the Seventeenth Century, edited by Katharina M. Wilson and Frank J. Warnke, 305–40. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1989.

Fitzmaurice, James. “The Cavendishes, the Evelyns, and Teasing in Verse and Prose.” Quidditas: Journal of the Rocky Mountain Medieval and Renaissance Association 16–17 (1995–1996): 161–86.

—. “The Intellectual and Literary Courtship of Margaret Cavendish.” Early Modern Literary Studies Special Issue 14 (2004): 7.1–16.

Fitzmaurice, Susan. “Margaret Cavendish, the Doctors of Physick and Advice to the Sick.” In A Princely Brave Woman: Essays on Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, edited by Stephen Clucas, 210–41. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.

—. “Sociable Letters, Acts of Advice and Medical Counsel.” In The Familiar Letter in Early Modern English, by Susan Fitzmaurice, 87–128. Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2002.

Fletcher, Angus. “The Irregular Aesthetic of The Blazing-World.” Studies in English Literature, 1500–1900 47, no. 1 (2007): 123–41.

Geard, Jennifer Louise. “Sovereign Virtue, Singular Fame: Margaret Cavendish’s Self-Construction as Woman and Author, and the Roles She Sees for Women as Thinkers and Beautiful Tyrants in Natures Pictures Drawn by Fancies Pencil to the Life.” Master’s thesis, University of Canterbury, 1992.

Graham, Elspeth. Intersubjectivity, Intertextuality, and Form in the Self-Writings of Margaret Cavendish.” In Genre and Women’s Life Writing in Early Modern England, edited by Michelle M. Dowd and Julie A. Eckerle, 131–50. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2007.

Harris, Frances. “Living in the Neighbourhood of Science: Mary Evelyn, Margaret Cavendish and the Greshamites.” In Women, Science and Medicine: 1500–1700, edited by Lynette Hunter and Sarah Hutton, 198–217. Stroud: Alan Sutton, 1997.

Hatfield, Gary. “Force (God) in Descartes’ Physics.” Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 10, no. 2 (1979): 113–40.

Hutton, Sarah. “Science and Satire: The Lucianic Voice of Margaret Cavendish’s Description of a New World Called the Blazing World.” In Authorial Conquests: Essays on Genre in the Writings of Margaret Cavendish, edited and introduced by Line Cottegnies and Nancy Weitz, 161–78. Cranbury: Associated University Presses, 2003.

—. “Anne Conway, Margaret Cavendish and Seventeenth-Century Scientific Thought.” In Women, Science and Medicine 1500–1700, edited by Lynette Hunter and Sara Hutton, 218–34. Stroud: Sutton Publishing, 1997.

Ivengar, Sujata. “Royalist, Romancer, Racialist: Rank, Race and Gender in the Science and Fiction of Margaret Cavendish.” English Literary History 69, no. 3 (2002): 649–72.

James, Susan. “The Philosophical Innovations of Margaret Cavendish.” British Journal for the History of Philosophy 7, no. 2 (1999): 219–44.

Keller, Eve. “Producing Petty Gods: Margaret Cavendish’s Critique of Experimental Science.” English Literary History 64, no. 2 (1997): 447–71.

Koepke-Nelson, Yvette Michelle. “Allegories of Mastery: Sex, Science, and the Making of the Modern Body in Renaissance Utopias.” PhD diss., University of Illionis at Urbana-Champaign, 2003.

Lewis, Eric. “The Legacy of Margaret Cavendish.” Perspectives on Science 9, no. 3 (2001): 341–65.

Linden, Stanton J. “Margaret Cavendish and Robert Hooke: Optics and Scientific Fantasy in The Blazing World.” In Ésoterisme, Gnoses and Imaginaire Symbolique, edited by Richard Caron et al., 611–24. Louvain: Peeters, 2001.

Long, Kathleen P., ed. Gender and Scientific Discourse in Early Modern Culture. Burlington: Ashgate, 2010.

Lynch, Marianne. “A Perfect Stranger: The Development of Margaret Cavendish’s Natural Philosophy.” PhD diss., Concordia University, 2008.

“Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle.” Monthly Museum: Or, Dublin Literary Repertory of Arts, Science, Literature and Miscellaneous Information vol. 1 (March 1814): 231.

Mascetti, Yaakov A. “A ‘World of Nothing, but Pure Wit’: Margaret Cavendish and the Gendering of the Imaginary.” Partial Answers: Journal of Literature and the History of Ideas 6, no. 1 (2008): 1–31.

Mason, Joan. “The Women Fellows’ Jubilee.” Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 49, no. 1 (1995): 125–40.

McIngvale, Elizabeth Anne. “‘Birds in Darkness’: Early Modern Women, Learned and Learning.” PhD diss., University of Mississippi, 2002.

Meyer, Gerald Dennis. The Scientific Lady in England, 1650–1760: An Account of Her Rise, with Emphasis on the Major Roles of the Telescope and Microscope. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1955.

Mintz, Samuel I. “The Duchess of Newcastle’s Visit to the Royal Society.” Journal of English and Germanic Philology 51, no. 2 (1952): 168–76.

Moore, Judith. “Twentieth-Century Feminism and Seventeenth-Century Science: Margaret Cavendish in Opposing Contexts.” Restoration: Studies in English Literary Culture, 1660–1700 26, no. 1 (2002): 1–14.

Moreman, Sarah E. “Learning Their Language: Cavendish’s Construction of an Empowering Vitalistic Atomism.” Explorations in Renaissance Culture 23 (1997): 129–44.

Nate, Richard. “‘Plain and Vulgarly Express’d’: Margaret Cavendish and the Discourse of the New Science.” Rhetorica: A Journal of the History of Rhetoric 19, no. 4 (2001): 403–17.

Nicholson, Marjorie Hope. Pepys’ Diary and the New Science. Charlottesville: The University Press of Virginia, 1965.

Parageau, Sandrine. “La Satire des Sciences dans Observations Upon Experimental Philosophy et The Blazing World (1666) de Margaret Cavendish.” Etudes Epistémè 10 (2006): 75–97.

—. Les Ruses de l’Ignorance: La Contribution des Femmes à l’Avènement de la Science Moderne en Angleterre. Paris: Presses Sorbonne Nouvelle, 2010.

Pepys, Samuel. The Diary of Samuel Pepys. edited by Robert Latham et al. London: Bell and Sons, 1972.

Perry, Henry Ten Eyck. The First Duchess of Newcastle and Her Husband as Figures in Literary History. Boston: Ginn and Company, 1918.

Phillips, Patricia. The Scientific Lady: A Social History of Women’s Scientific Interests 1520–1918. London: St. Martin’s Press, 1990.

Polomo, Delores. Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle (1623–1673) and the Uses of Women’s History. Washington, D.C.: ERIC Clearinghouse, 1978.

Poole, Kristen. “Naming, Paradise Lost, and the Gendered Discourse of Perfect Language Schemes.” English Literary Renaissance 38, no. 3 (2008): 535–59.

Pordzik, Ralph. “‘No Other Mystery but Reckoning or Counting’: Margaret Cavendishs Blazing-World und die Konstruktion des wissenschaftlichen Weltbildes im 17.Jahrhundert.” Germanisch-Romanische Monatsschrift 49, no. 3 (1999): 275-90.

Price, Bronwen. “Feminine Modes of Knowing and Scientific Enquiry: Margaret Cavendish’s Poetry as Case Study.” In Women and Literature in Britain, 1500–1700, edited by Helen Wilcox, 117–39. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.

—. “Journeys beyond Frontiers: Knowledge, Subjectivity and Outer Space in Margaret Cavendish’s The Blazing World (1666).” In The Arts of 17th-Century Science: Representations of the Natural World in European and North American Culture, edited by Claire Jowitt and Diane Watt, 127–45. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2002.

Prieto-Pablos, Juan A. “The Disease of Wit and the Discourse of Reason in Margaret Cavendish’s Observations upon Experimental Philosophy.” In The Female Wits: Women and Gender in Restoration Literature and Culture, edited by Pilar Cuder-Domínguez, Zenón Luis-Martínez, and Juan A. Prieto-Pablos. Huelva: Universidad de Huelva, 2006.

“Proceedings of the Chemical Society.” Journal of the Chemical Society (1937): A001-A078.

Raylor, Timothy. “Newcastle’s Ghosts: Robert Payne, Ben Jonson, and the ‘Cavendish Circle.’” In Literary Circles and Cultural Communities in Renaissance England, edited by Claude J. Summers and Ted-Larry Pebworth, 92–114. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2000.

Rees, Emma L.E. Margaret Cavendish: Gender, Genre, Exile. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2003.

Rogers, John. “Margaret Cavendish and the Gendering of the Vitalist Utopia.” In The Matter of Revolution: Science, Poetry, and Politics in the Age of Milton, edited by John Rogers, 177–211. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1996.

Rowlinson, John S. “Chemistry Comes of Age: The 19th Century.” In Chemistry at Oxford: A History from 1600 to 2005, edited by Robert J.P. Williams, Allan Chapman, and John S. Rowlinson, 79–130. Cambridge: Royal Society of Chemistry, 2009.

Seber, Hande. “Where Science Meets With Fancy: The Atomic Poems of Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle.” Hacettepe University, Journal of Faculty of Letters 22, no. 2 (2005): 187–202.

Salzman, Paul. “Narrative Contexts for Bacon’s New Atlantis.” In Francis Bacon’s New Atlantis: New Interdisciplinary Essays, edited by Bronwen Price 28–47. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2002.

Sarasohn, Lisa T. The Natural Philosophy of Margaret Cavendish: Reason and Fancy during the Scientific Revolution. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010.

—. “A Science Turned Upside Down: Feminism and the Natural Philosophy of Margaret Cavendish.” Huntington Library Quarterly: A Journal for the History and Interpretation of English and American Civilization 47, no. 4 (1984): 289–307.

Searle, John R. Minds, Brains and Science. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1984.

Seber, Hande. “Creating a Utopian World of Her Own: Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle’s The Description of a New World, Called the Blazing World.” Interactions 17, no. 2 (2008): 85–96.

Shanahan, John. “The Indecorous Virtuoso: Margaret Cavendish’s Experimental Spaces.” Genre: Forms of Discourse and Culture 35, no. 2 (2002): 221–51.

Siegfried, Brandie R. “Anecdotal and Cabalistic Forms in Observations upon Experimental Philosophy.” In Authorial Conquests: Essays on Genre in the Writings of Margaret Cavendish, edited by Line Cottegnies and Nancy Weitz, 59–79. Cranbury: Associated University Presses, 2003.

—. “The City of Chance, or, Margaret Cavendish’s Theory of Radical Symmetry.” Early Modern Literary Studies Special Issue 14 (2004): 9.1–29.

Sisson, Mary Sanders. “Materializing the Immaterial: Testing the Limits of Reason and Fancy in Margaret Cavendish’s ‘Observations upon Experimental Philosophy’ and ‘The Blazing World.’” Honors essay, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2011.

Smith, Cheryl Colleen. “Out of Her Place: Early Modern Exploration and Female Authorship.” PhD diss., Tufts University, 2001.

Smith, Hilda L. “Margaret Cavendish and the Microscope as Play.” In Men, Women, and the Birthing of Modern Science, edited by Judith P. Zinsser, 24–47. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2005.

Sokol, B.J. “Margaret Cavendish’s Poems and Fancies and Thomas Harriot’s Treatise on Infinity.” In A Princely Brave Woman: Essays on Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, edited by Stephen Clucas, 156–70. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.

Spiller, Elizabeth A. “Reading through Galileo’s Telescope: Margaret Cavendish and the Experience of Reading.” Renaissance Quarterly 53, no. 1 (2000): 192–221.

—. Science, Reading, and Renaissance Literature: The Art of Making Knowledge, 1580–1670. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2004.

Stevenson, Jay. “Imagining the Mind: Cavendish’s Hobbesian Allegories.” In A Princely Brave Woman: Essays on Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle, edited by Stephen Clucas, 143–55. Aldershot: Ashgate, 2003.

—. “The Mechanist-Vitalist Soul of Margaret Cavendish.” Studies in English Literature 1500–1900 36, no. 3 (1996): 527–43.

Strauss, Elizabeth. “Ogranisumus Versus Machine: Margaret Cavendish’ Kritik am Mechanistischen Naturmodell.” In Das Sichtbare Denken Modelle und Modellhaftigkeit in der Philosophie und den Wissenshaften, edited by Jörg F. Mass, 31–44. Amsterdam: Rodope, 1993.

—. Die Arithmetik der Leidenschaften: Margaret Cavendishs Naturphilosophie. Stuttgart: Metzler-Verlag, 1999.

Summit, Jennifer. “Active and Contemplative Lives.” In Cultural Reformations: Medieval and Renaissance in Literary History, edited by Brian Cummings and James Simpson, 527–53. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2010.

Sutherland, Christine. “Aspiring to the Rhetorical Tradition: A Study of Margaret Cavendish.” In Listening to Their Voices: The Rhetorical Activities of Historical Women, edited by Molly Meijer Wertheimer, 255–71. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1997.

Thell, Anne M. “The Power of Transport, the Transport of Power: Margaret Cavendish’s Blazing World.” Women’s Studies 37, no. 5 (2008): 441–63.

Tillery, Denise. “‘English Them in the Easiest Manner You Can’: Margaret Cavendish on the Discourse and Practice of Natural Philosophy.” Rhetoric Review 26, no. 3 (2007): 268–85.

—. “Margaret Cavendish as Natural Philosopher: Gender and Early Modern Science.” Interdisciplinary Science Reviews 28, no. 3 (2003): 200–8.

—. “The Plain Style in the Seventeenth Century: Gender and the History of Scientific Discourse.” Journal of Technical Writing & Communication 35, no. 3 (2005): 273–89.

Totaro, Rebecca Carol Noel. Suffering in Paradise: The Bubonic Plague in English Literature from More to Milton. Pittsburgh: Duquesne University Press, 2005.

—. “English Plague and New World Promise.” Utopian Studies 10, no. 1 (1999): 1–12.

Wallraven, Miriam. “‘My Spirits long to wander in the Air … ’: Spirits and Souls in Margaret Cavendish’s Fiction between Early Modern Philosophy and Cyber Theory.” Early Modern Literary Studies Special Issue 14 (2004): 10.1–27.

Wallwork, Jo. “Disruptive Behaviour in the Making of Science: Cavendish and the Community of Seventeenth-Century Science.” In Early Modern Englishwomen Testing Ideas, edited by Jo Wallwork, 41–53. Burlington: Ashgate, 2011.

—. “Margaret Cavendish’s Response to Hooke’s Micrographia.” In Women Writing 1550–1750, edited by Jo Wallwork and Paul Salzman, 191–200. Bundoora: Meridian, 2001.

—. “The Politics and Poetics of Authorship: Margaret Cavendish as a Writer of Natural Philosophy.” PhD diss., La Trobe University, 2005.

Wallwork, Jo, and Paul Salzman, eds. Early Modern Englishwomen Testing Ideas. Burlington: Ashgate, 2011.

Walters, Elizabeth M. “Science, Nature and Politics: Margaret Cavendish’s Challenge to Gender and Class Hierarchy.” PhD diss., University of Edinburgh, 2005.

Walters, Lisa. “Gender Subversion in the Science of Margaret Cavendish.” Early Modern Literary Studies Special Issue 14 (2004): 13.1–34.

—. “‘[N]ot Subject to Our Sense’: Margaret Cavendish’s Fusion of Renaissance Science, Magic and Fairy Lore.” Women’s Writing 17, no. 3 (2010): 413–31.

Watts, Ruth. “Gender, Science and Modernity in Seventeenth-Century England.” Paedagogica Historica 41, no. 1–2 (2005): 79–93.

Weise, Wendy S. “Recent Studies in Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle (2001–2010).” English Literary Renaissance 42, no. 1 (2012): 146–76.

Wernimont, Jacqueline D. “Writing Possibility: Early Modern Poetry and Mathematics.” PhD diss., Brown University, 2009.

Zinsser, Judith P, ed. Men, Women, and the Birthing of Modern Science. DeKalb: Northern Illinois University Press, 2005.